You're speeding at 85 km/h when you notice that you're only 10m behind the car in front of you, which is moving at the legal speed limit of 60 km/h. You slam on your brakes, and your car decelerates at 4.2 m/s^2. Assuming the car in front of you continues at constant speed, will you collide? if so, at what relative speed? if not what will the distance between the cars at their closest approach?
2. Homework Equations
Equations of motion for constant acceleration
The Attempt at a Solution
Please tell me if my reasoning is correct or where I am making a mistake.
I set the position where my car is when I start braking to be t=0, and this position to be x0=0
My initial velocity is 85km/h=23.61 m/s
My acceleration is -4.2 m/s2
For the car I may possibly collide with,
their initial velocity is 60 km/h= 16.6 m/sec
and their acceleration is zero
To come to a complete stop, my final velocity will be zero.
0=23.6 m/s -4.2m/s2t
and solving for t I get t=5.62 seconds to stop completely.
Next I tried to find my position in this time relative to where I started at x0=0
Then I tried to see where car #2 would be in the same amount of time
and I get x=10+16.67(5.62)+0
where last term goes to zero as car #2 is not accelerating.
x= 103.69 meters relative to the origin
Since the position of the two cars is not equal in 5.62 seconds, the two cars don't collide.