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Wind load calculator

  1. Sep 21, 2014 #1
    I've recently started working on a wind load calculator.

    Notice the complexity when overhangs are added to the roof. These load diagrams show the Envelope Procedure for a Gable Roof:

    Load Case A:

    GB_A1A_800.jpg

    GB_A1B_800.jpg

    GB_A2A_800.jpg

    GB_A2B_800.jpg

    Load Case B:

    GB_B1_800.jpg

    GB_B2_800.jpg

    If torsional load cases are required then another Load Case A and B are required for the torsional load case.

    Give the gable roof option a whirl, all of the other options are not programmed yet and I may never add them pending further research as to how well I can extrapolate the Envelope Procedure to these configurations.

    If there are no overhangs set the overhang values to zero, I will need to add in a footnote about that later just to clarify.

    Not a finished product yet, not by a long shot. The current Todo list includes the following:

    To Do List:

    1) Calculate min. lateral load with roof forces neglected and min. pressures of 8 psf and 16 psf on roof and walls respectively. (psf)
    2) Calculate max. uplift and max. horizontal reactions of trusses or rafters assuming 24" o/c and 16" o/c for design of hurricane ties (lbs).
    3) Calculate base wind shear in transverse and longitudinal direction (lbs).
    4) Calculate shear wall reactions (lbs) and unit shear (plf) assuming only external shear walls (4 walls).
    5) Calculate roof diaphragm distributed load (plf) assuming one story building with external shear walls only.
    6) Include C & C wind loads for component design.
    7) Include Directional Procedure as a comparison to Envelope Procedure or setup separate calculator for this method.
    8 ) Complete PDF report output.

    http://design.medeek.com/resources/wind/wind_calculator.pl
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 21, 2014 #2
    Interesting to note that for a gable roof only the wind forces on the walls contribute any lateral forces to the roof diaphragm and then to the shear walls for the longitudinal direction (wind parallel to ridge).

    The breakdown of the forces would then be:

    Transverse:

    GB_LOADS_A1A_1024.jpg

    Longitudinal:

    GB_LOADS_B1_1024.jpg

    One could argue that there is a certain amount of wind force on the edge of overhangs but I'm thinking its insignificant.
     
  4. Sep 24, 2014 #3
    Shearwall reactions are now complete, assuming of course that only the exterior walls are acting as shear walls. This assumption is pretty useless for building with dimensions exceeding a certain limit since they will probably involve steel moment frames or multiple internal shear walls. I'm wondering if it might be useful to add some sort of advanced option which lets one specify an internal shearwall spacing or even a internal shearwall layout. The programming would get pretty complex.

    I also added the ability to calculate truss/rafter uplift and horizontal load. Not entirely sure how useful this is either but I've personally ran into it enough times so I thought it might be of some benefit. The funny thing is after writing the code and creating the image for this section (3) I happened to look at a truss manufacturer's output for a garage I was designing a while back. I quickly noticed that the horizontal reactions and uplift were listed on the document, so if you've already taken your design to get the trusses quoted you probably don't need this information calculated. Just out of curiosity I used the same parameters as the truss manufacturer used for their wind loads and after adjusting for the TC and BC dead loads both my horizontal reactions and uplift were within 0.5 lbs of their values. Nothing like a third party check nailing it so perfectly, that is why I love this stuff.

    GB_TRUSS_A1A_1024.jpg
     
  5. Oct 24, 2014 #4
    This is my best guess at the pressure distributions for Dutch Gable, Half Hip and Flat Roof types using the Envelope Procedure:

    DG_A1A_800.jpg

    HH_A1A_800.jpg

    FL_A1A_800.jpg
     
  6. Oct 24, 2014 #5
    Compare the pressure profiles for a hip with the gable roof(Load Case A):

    HP_A1A_800.jpg

    GB_A1A_800.jpg

    The calculations to resolve the pressures on the roof surfaces into lateral forces for the hip roof is going to get a little more involved.
     

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