- #1

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Im trying to find the Minimum wire gauge that could be used....

Do I need to find the current and than go to the AWG tables to find a match?....Since im working with AC im a little confused.

- Thread starter Jason03
- Start date

- #1

- 161

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Im trying to find the Minimum wire gauge that could be used....

Do I need to find the current and than go to the AWG tables to find a match?....Since im working with AC im a little confused.

- #2

MATLABdude

Science Advisor

- 1,655

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Even though it's AC, you can use the RMS current.

Im trying to find the Minimum wire gauge that could be used....

Do I need to find the current and than go to the AWG tables to find a match?....Since im working with AC im a little confused.

- #3

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P = VI cos(theta)

because I have P...and I have V...and I can find cos(theta)...

my only question would be since it 240 volts...im assuming thats in RMS already so I can just plug it straight into the equation?

- #4

- 12,121

- 160

Yes, it is 240 V RMS.

- #5

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So I looked up the AWG chart and found that AWG No. 10 can have a max of 30 amps.....

So if that is correct....I now have to find the losses in the wire......

What is the easiest way to find the losses in the wire??

Would I need to find the resistance of the current through the wires by first using R = V^2/P.....than

going to the AWG table and finding the resistance of the wire for the 100 foot length of the wire?

- #6

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http://i674.photobucket.com/albums/vv106/jason03_2009/hw2.jpg

- #7

- 12,121

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However, the load will be different than 16 ohms. For starters, you did not include the power factor, and secondly the load is not resistive. Notice you got a current that is only about 1/2 of the 30A you had calculated before(!)

While I am not an expert in this area, I know of two factors that limit wire gauge:

- overheating of the wire insulation
- too much voltage drop for long wire lengths

Given the stated 100' distance, it looks like we are dealing with the 2nd limitation. Were you given any guideline for how much voltage drop from the wiring is within tolerance?

- #8

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