Work and Energy Problem

  • Thread starter pxp004
  • Start date
  • #1
12
0
An object with inertia m = 1.5 kg is connected to a spring with spring constant k = 250 N/m and equilibrium position at x0 = 5 cm (for x > x0, the force is directed toward the origin). The object is initially at rest at position x = 10 cm. You grab the object and move it slowly to position x = 20 cm. After you finish moving it, you continue to hold the object at rest at its new position. How much work did you do on the object? I know the main equations but i just done know what to do. Please Help!
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Simon Bridge
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
17,857
1,655
Welcome to PF;
You know the main equations, so a good first step is to write them down.

You need to know - conservation of energy, work-energy relation, potential energy stored in a spring.
 
  • #3
12
0
could you help me get started. With what equation? and I'm kinda confused on the 3 distances given.
 
  • #4
HallsofIvy
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
41,833
964
If it requires force kx to move a mass M as distance x, then the work necessary will be [itex](1/2)kx^2[/itex]. Is that the formula you needed?
 
  • #5
Simon Bridge
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
17,857
1,655
Lets see - the three distances are:
x0, the equilibrium position.
x1, the initial position
x2, the final position

what's the problem?

If the mass were at x0, how much force would the spring exert on it?

The mass was at rest at x1 > x0, how much force does did spring exert on it? What was the total force on it? What do you deduce from that?

You moved the mass from x1 to x2 > x1 ...
 
  • #6
12
0
Did you guys get 1.25 J as the answer. And if so, why did it give me the mass of. And how does that not affect work done?

My thought process: work is the change in energy which in this case is the change in potential (atleast I think it is). So I used the equation 1/2 kx squared.
 
  • #7
Simon Bridge
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
17,857
1,655
Notice that the mass starts off at rest at a position that is not the equilibrium position?
What would you deduce from that information?
 

Related Threads on Work and Energy Problem

  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
598
  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
699
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
890
  • Last Post
Replies
8
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
2K
Top