# Ζ(0) and Grandi's Series

1. Aug 12, 2014

### Kekasi

Recently I came across this information:

$\text{S1} = 1+1+1+1+\dotsb= -\frac{1}{2}$
$\text{S2} = 1-1+1-1+\dotsb= \hspace{4.6mm} \frac{1}{2}$

Which are ζ(0) and Grandi's series respectively.

After tinkering with this information, I produced these strange results.

$\text{S1}+\text{S2} = 2+0+2+0+\dotsb=\hspace{3.8mm}0$
$\text{S1}-\text{S2} = 0+2+0+2+\dotsb=-1$

My questions:
Are S1+S2 and S1-S2 valid? If not so, why?
If so, is the following true? If not so, why?

$\text{S1}-\text{S2} = 0+2+0+2+0+\dotsb$
$\hspace{17.25mm}=\hspace{8.3mm}2+0+2+0+\dotsb=\text{S1}+\text{S2}$

Last edited: Aug 12, 2014
2. Aug 13, 2014

### mathman

These are all mathematical fallacies.