(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Equation (10.58) is:

[tex]\phi(t, \vec{x}) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{V}}\Sigma_{\vec{p}}\frac{1}{\sqrt{2E_p}}(a_{p}e^{-iE_pt + i\vec{p}\cdot\vec{x}} + a_p^{\dagger}e^{iE_pt - i\vec{p}\cdot\vec{x}})[/tex]

2. Relevant equations

Here is equation (10.57)

[tex]\phi_{p}(t, \vec{x}) =\frac{1}{\sqrt{V}}\frac{1}{\sqrt{2E_p}}(a_{p}e^{-iE_pt + i\vec{p}\cdot\vec{x}} + a_p^{\dagger}e^{iE_pt - i\vec{p}\cdot\vec{x}})[/tex]

[tex]+\frac{1}{\sqrt{V}}\frac{1}{\sqrt{2E_p}}(a_{-p}e^{-iE_pt - i\vec{p}\cdot\vec{x}} + a_{-p}^{\dagger}e^{iE_pt + i\vec{p}\cdot\vec{x}})[/tex]

3. The attempt at a solution

The idea is that the second term on the r.h.s. of (10.57) is the same as the first term evaluated for [itex]\vec{p} = -\vec{p}[/itex], which does not effect [itex]E_p[/itex]. Then (10.58) is supposed to be the sum of (10.57) over all values of [itex]\vec{p}[/itex]. My problem is that I think there is a factor of 2 missing on the r.h.s. of (10.58) because each of the terms in (10.57) should appear twice in the sum. What am I missing? The same problem arises on page 176 for equations (10.60) and (10.61) which are sums of (10.55) and (10.56) respectively.

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**

Dismiss Notice

Join Physics Forums Today!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

# Homework Help: Zwiebach, pages 175,176

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**