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Sci Advisor
P: 674
 Quote by mheslep The relevant difference is where the work is done: locked tires - work is done on the tires/road surface involving vehicle mass, optimum slip - work is done mostly on the brake pads/disks/wheels and does not involve vehicle mass.
It doesn't matter which components have the most heat transferred to them. ABS (roughly speaking) tries to keep the tires operating at a point where they generate the most longitudinal force. That force is approximately $\mu_s mg$. That's all that's important. This obviously depends on the driver applying enough force on the brake pedal and the various components translating that force to the calipers. Any production car in reasonable working order will be able to reach this limit at least for one stop from highway speeds (repeated tries will eventually overheat things).