Every culture on earth has developed some mathematics. In some cases, this mathematics has spread from one culture to another. Now there is one predominant international mathematics, and this mathematics has quite a history. It has roots in ancient Egypt and Babylonia, then grew rapidly in ancient Greece. Mathematics written in ancient Greek was translated into Arabic. About the same time some mathematics of India was translated into Arabic. Later some of this mathematics was translated into Latin and became the mathematics of Western Europe. Over a period of several hundred years, it became the mathematics of the world.


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http://aleph0.clarku.edu/~djoyce/mathhist/earth.html
Maintained by
David E. Joyce
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science
Clark University
I picked up a thick paperback book on the history of mathematics.
(title to be added)