Register to reply 
Drawing graph of function (using basic functions) 
Share this thread: 
#1
Dec708, 06:32 PM

P: 365

Draw a graphic of the function using the basic elementary functions.
For example. Draw [tex]f(x)=\frac{1}{x1}1[/tex]. I know that I will first draw the function 1/x (basic function) then shift the graph of the function 1/x for 1 on right of the xaxis, so I got the graph of the function 1/(x1). Then shift the whole function for 1 up of the yaxis and I got the graph of f(x). How will I do the same with [tex]f(x)=\frac{1}{x^21}1[/tex]. I tried first with 1/x^{2} then I realized that I can't shift it for 1 on the xaxis? What's the problem? How will I draw the graph? Thanks in advance. 


#2
Dec708, 09:02 PM

P: 7

Draw f(x) = x^2, then shift it down by 1, then draw f(x) = 1/(x^2 1)



#3
Dec708, 09:10 PM

HW Helper
P: 2,616




#4
Dec808, 12:41 AM

P: 248

Drawing graph of function (using basic functions)
I think in order for you to be able to shift it the same way as 1/(x1), it would need to be 1/(x1)^2
Then you could draw the graph of 1/x^2 and shift it by 1 


#5
Dec808, 04:01 AM

P: 365

@emilkh I can't do that, since 1/(x^{2}1) is not parabola
@Defennder here is the picture., you will obviously see that 1/x^{2} is not shifted by the xaxis for 1. It should be 1/(x1)^{2} so that I can shift it. @DyslexicHobo, I think also like you. To be possible, it must be 1/(x1)^{2} 


#6
Dec808, 05:12 AM

HW Helper
P: 3,516

Is the actual question how does one compare [itex]f(x)\frac{1}{x^21}1[/itex] in terms of the sketch of [itex]f(x)=\frac{1}{x1}1[/itex] or how do you just graph the function in general? What you need to look out for etc.



#7
Dec808, 07:14 AM

P: 365

I need to draw the graphic with shifting. Seems like, the basic graphic would be [tex]\frac{1}{x^21}[/tex], and then I will shift the graphic for 1 of the yaxis so that I got [tex]\frac{1}{x^21}1[/tex]



#8
Dec808, 09:23 AM

HW Helper
P: 2,616

Well the green one looks correct. Now just shift it down by 1 and you're done.



#9
Dec808, 09:32 AM

P: 365

Yes. So my basic graph would be [tex]\frac{1}{x^21}[/tex] right?



#10
Dec808, 09:43 AM

HW Helper
P: 2,616

I'm not sure what you mean by "basic graph", but if you're referring to the graph you start off with before you do the shifting, then I'd say it depends. You can start off from there, or if you're less confident, you can start off with 1/x, then 1/x^2, then 1/(x^21) then finally 1/(x^21)  1. Over time when you get more confident and have sufficient practice you can start off with 1/(x^21) straight away.



#11
Dec808, 09:47 AM

HW Helper
P: 2,616

To graph such equations you always start off with something known. As above, per what I wrote to Abron, you start off with a few selected graph types for eg. y = x^n where n is odd or when n is even, y = ln(x), y = e^x, y = trigo(x) , where trigo is either sin, cos, tan etc. Then you need to know what replacing x by xc would do to the graph, what replacing x with x^2 or x would do as well. 


#12
Dec808, 11:45 AM

P: 365

Thanks for the replies. I am supposed to solve this problems using the graphics of basic elementary functions. With other words, I should solve it by shifting.
Regards. 


#13
Dec808, 02:41 PM

HW Helper
P: 3,516

Well ok, if you were to go about graphing this from its 'elementary' graph [tex]y=\frac{1}{x}[/tex] then I guess I would go about it something like this:
Extend the hyperbola to [tex]y=\frac{1}{x^2}[/tex] by reflecting the negative values of x about the xaxis and if necessary, change the shape of the hyperbola to account for the x squared term. Extend this again to [tex]y=\frac{1}{x^21}[/tex] and notice that the denominator can be factorised to [tex](x1)(x+1)[/tex] so the domain of the function does not exist at 1 and 1. This means you need to shift the previous hyperbola that is asymptotic at x=0 to x=1 for the positive values of x and x=1 for the negative values. Remember the domain between 1 and 1 though. If you're really unsure what to do in here, I recommend substituting x values slightly less than 1 and more than 1 to find where the range tends to. Also sub x=0 to find where the it cuts the yaxis. Extend this to [tex]y=\frac{1}{x^21}1[/tex] by just shifting everything down 1. i.e. there is an asymptote at y=1 instead of previously y=0. 


#14
Dec808, 02:47 PM

P: 365

Mentallic thanks for the reply. Ok, now I understand the point.



Register to reply 
Related Discussions  
Drawing a graph with matlab.  Math & Science Software  1  
Drawing a Y vs Time Graph in a projectile motion problem  Introductory Physics Homework  9  
LaTeX: Drawing Coxeter/Dynkin graph  Linear & Abstract Algebra  2  
Problem drawing graph, please help  Precalculus Mathematics Homework  2  
Piecewise functions! how to graph it!  Introductory Physics Homework  5 