# Native Americans?

by LURCH
Tags: americans, native
 Sci Advisor P: 2,510 I think we all understand that the term "native American" was first coined as a response to an historical inaccuracy. When Columbus first arrived in North America, he thought he was in India. So he referred to the local inhabitants as "Indians." Because this designation is inaccurate, it is considered by many to be insulting. So most people have switched to using the newer term "native Americans" in reference to those people who were living on the North American continent when Columbus arrived. To my mind, this brings up an obvious question; how certain are we that the various tribes and people groups to whom we refer by the epithet "native American" were actually the first homosapiens to reside here? Also, since it is generally accepted that our species originated in Africa, can any group of humans truly be considered "native" to this continent? I leave it up to the discretion of the mobs whether this thread should be left here, or moved to Archaeology. Thanks for any insight you can give.
HW Helper
P: 8,953
 Quote by LURCH To my mind, this brings up an obvious question; how certain are we that the various tribes and people groups to whom we refer by the epithet "native American" were actually the first homosapiens to reside here?
They aren't, it's even worse up-North where they must be referred to as First-Nations people.
Apparently these people were the first ones to move to North America and settled in Canada - every other inhabitant of the continent from Punta-Arenas to N. Dakota arrived later and just peacefully moved on through, moving on down the continent like extremely polite bus passengers.

The current native Americans are the descendant of the ones that invaded/displaced/slaughtered the preceding natives - they are just the last-but-one group to do this.
 Sci Advisor P: 2,510 Wow, this is what I was beginning to suspect, but I never expected to see it stated so, um, bluntly. So, since settling started in the north, I'm assuming the "First-Nations" people came over the land bridge during the ice age? Can you direct me to some resources that would give me a timeline of human habitation of North America? Or, of the Americas in general? Also, if it was insulting to call these people "Indians" because it was inaccurate, how did we decide it was less insulting to call them "Native Americans," when that term appears to be equally inaccurate?
 Sci Advisor HW Helper P: 8,953 Native Americans? The descendants of native Americans (the technical term would probably be Aboriginal people but to most people that means Native Australians) probably turned up about 12,500 years ago across a land bridge from Asia. It then only took about 1000 years to pretty much fill the continent. That's pretty quick on geological time but for nomadic hunters that were used to following herds across Siberia it's not a big deal - you move into a new continent full of mega fauna that doesn't know to run away from people and you can expand pretty quickly. the Americas don't have any large East-West mountain ranges so moving south following food is very easy. The exact pattern of which group moved where and when, who perhaps moved back north, who displaced who is tricky - mostly done from studying rates of change in things like languages and DNA. Then there's extra complications like, an early group of people might have moved down the coast by boat very very quickly, most of N America at the time was heavily forrested - the great plains, like the lack of lots of large animals is man made. There are also theories that people could have reached the Atlantic coast of Canada from Europe and the Pacific coast of S. American from Australia much earlier (20-30,000 years ago) - but if they did they don't seem to have had much impact. Finally the best thing to call them would probably be 'people'!
Mentor
P: 22,297
 Quote by LURCH Also, if it was insulting to call these people "Indians" because it was inaccurate, how did we decide it was less insulting to call them "Native Americans," when that term appears to be equally inaccurate?
One is a race, the other is a description. If someone called me a "native american", I wouldn't even quibble: I was born here. If someone called me "French", however, I'd be pretty upset.

As labels go, I don't see what the big deal is with this one or what a better alternative would be (besides perhaps addressing them by tribe or nation name).
 Sci Advisor HW Helper P: 8,953 Judging from this http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_...me_controversy you should call them 'people of the land of too many lawyers'
 Mentor P: 22,297 Btw, I'm Pennsylvania Dutch and it really doesn't bother me. It is an honest error, not an attempt to denigrate me. And "Native American" is really only a relatively minor grammar error (I'd even quibble that it is at all, but whatever...) where people are just trying to refer to them as "those guys who'se ancestors were here when we got here".
 Emeritus Sci Advisor PF Gold P: 12,501 Speaking as one who is two parts native American [Blackfoot and Sioux], I hereby claim this land according to the divine laws of finders keepers, the early bird gets the worm, and first come, first served. Unfortunately I am only about 1/16 native American, so I am only entitled to about three States and a mule.
 P: 56 i jest have to put my three centivos in .. mom told me many times to not tell anyone at school i was part indian.. her mother was raised on indian land and listed as colored by the state of virginia.. it is not like the N word as it is not a slur.. i call my self part indian and you can call me part indian... and all of the poopluation found here by euro explorers would 'addopt' what ever they thought was better or that they liked.. so as to thoes that get incised by the term indian and need to be called natave americians ... it is most likely a good idea to call them what they want to be called as to earliest inhabitants here ... were not the clovis people the earlest and then other waves later? and who said it had to be a land bridge?!?@?@! like any navy guy i think they all got here by boat! there are many thoughts of were some come from and many idea's based on trade items found here and there.. ivan , you are not too far off.. the prez- a jackson should have been shot in LA.. yes the country would not be as great as it is now but might never made right.. certainly if he had been that way about native africans he would not be on USA money today!
 P: 2,500 Anyone born in the Western Hemisphere is a native of the Western Hemisphere. A much better word for the decedents of Pre-Columbian residents is 'indigenous'.
P: 56
 Quote by SW VandeCarr Anyone born in the Western Hemisphere is a native of the Western Hemisphere. A much better word for the decedents of Pre-Colombian residents is 'indigenous'.
well .. i think you are not only wrong but all wet..
on the born here thing that is..
but you are entitled you your own thoughts on that..
much of the debate is centered on that the euro folks come here took over
if you are of the powerful group taking over you can be called what ever you want
if you are the group being taken over you are called what they want
eruo's took over and call us indians so ... i am part indian..
why change 300 years of dont care what they are ?

as my grand mother said to me
"would you cut off your hand because it is from white's?"
that the euro english lied and cheated to claim land is a fact
that i have to have a "CARD" to claim indian benn'es ..such as a hawk feather.
is bull **** ... i should only have to show my grandmothers picture as her looks say it all
by standards applied to descendants of indian loosers..

well every BLACK Americian must have a card saying they were descended from slaves
to have minority bennes as every one with a spanish name must have a
card that they are from spain.. to claim minority bennies

by your claim that mere birth gives you title to American
which is the western hemisphere is typ of some one ticked off as i am
over this issue but on the other side..

some one said never argue with a public service lizard that claims T rex as a greeeeeat grand parent.. after all he has your paper work in his hands and can loose it..
Mentor
P: 22,297
 Quote by 334dave that i have to have a "CARD" to claim indian benn'es ..such as a hawk feather. is bull **** ...
To make it fair, why don't we just cut off those benefits altogether?
 well every BLACK Americian must have a card saying they were descended from slaves to have minority bennes...
Technically, blacks do not get race-based "bennes". Affirmative action might imply that, but AA tries to tow a tough line to avoid being unconstitutional (and in any case, it applies to other minorities like yours, it's just that yours doesn't have the political clout and get as much attention). Regardless, yes, I'd be in favor of eliminating the concept of treating people differently based on their race.
P: 56
 Quote by russ_watters To make it fair, why don't we just cut off those benefits altogether?
yes that any person can own a eagle feather or hawk feather..
or fish limited salmon stocks.. and the gambling ...why yes
wow "bro's number hall" is opening down the street..
i can not speak for other indians
many feel the rights they have are negocated taht they keep them from a treaty such as NAFTA is.
 Quote by russ_watters Technically, blacks do not get race-based "bennes". Affirmative action might imply that, but AA tries to tow a tough line to avoid being unconstitutional (and in any case, it applies to other minorities like yours, it's just that yours doesn't have the political clout and get as much attention). Regardless, yes, I'd be in favor of eliminating the concept of treating people differently based on their race.
well so am i..

news to me ... but however indians are NOT covered by AA
i applyed for job with fed govt under that nope it only applys to thoes that have ansesters that were slaves at one time. and as slaves were prohibited from education they dont have to prove it ... skin color and kinky hair is all that is needed..
spanish are covered for some reason as are oriental again name or looks

you want a real suprise.. to apply to be covered by indian treates with a tribe
you have to take a gennetic test to see if you have one of the known indian markers..
if any one has been discremanated agenst it was the indians
not blacks
they were only slaves
the US Army fired on and killed whole coumminties including kids
no one from afcria had to endure that..
my granmothers people had the land that the largest east cost marine base has taken from them...
P: 2,500
 Quote by 334dave well .. i think you are not only wrong but all wet.. on the born here thing that is.. but you are entitled you your own thoughts on that..
You've misunderstood me. Like it or not, "native" is an ambiguous word. I use the term Native American instead of 'Indian' all the time, but it doesn't really do justice to the indigenous people of the Western Hemisphere. ONLY those people with ancestors who lived in the Western Hemisphere before Columbus can claim to be indigenous. I take "indigenous" it to mean the original people of the Americas. "Indigenous" is a much stronger and specific word than "native".
 P: 56 then i apologize, i have some strong feelings on the subject as you can no dought tell perhapps i am to close to the issue to form any unbiased opinions on this. i truly fee that Jackson's behavior negates any praise for what he did for this country as what he did to the indians would today have him impeached... i don't understand why he is hailed as great when he did so much to dishonor and punish those unlike him. i feel so strongly i ask for no 20$bills in change on large bills and i dont use them either if i can help it.. P: 2,500  Quote by 334dave then i apologize, i have some strong feelings on the subject as you can no dought tell perhapps i am to close to the issue to form any unbiased opinions on this. i truly fee that Jefferson's behavior negates any praise for what he did for this country as what he did to the indians would today have him impeached... i don't understand why he is hailed as great when he did so much to dishonor and punish those unlike him. i feel so strongly i ask for no 20$ bills in change on large bills and i dont use them either if i can help it..
You have a right to feel the way you do, except that I think you're talking about Jackson, not Jefferson (although Jefferson was no angel re indigenous people either). Andrew Jackson's treatment of the Cherokee Nation was virtually genocidal and without any justification. Even the US Supreme Court ruled Jackson's actions unconstitutional prior to the actual "removal". Jackson's response: "They've made their ruling, now let them enforce it!" I don't know of any other president who so willfully and egregiously violated a clear ruling of the Supreme Court. I don't think he should be on any currency or honored in any way. Most non-Native Americans (I use the term because it's in general use) really have little or no idea what happened to the Cherokee Nation and other tribes. I suggest people reading this post look up the subject on the web.

For starters: http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/n....jsp?id=h-2722

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trail_of_Tears