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Inhomogeneous diff EQ, undetermined coefficients

by offbeatjumi
Tags: coefficients, diff, inhomogeneous, undetermined
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offbeatjumi
#1
Mar4-10, 02:25 PM
P: 29
Find the solution of:

y" + 3y' = 72sin(3t) + 36cos(3t)
where y(0) = 6 and y'(0) = 9

I first found the solution to the homogeneous eq:

the roots (R^2 + 3R = 0) are R = 0, -3
which gives the family of solutions:
y = a(1) + be^(-3t)
and y' = -3be^(-3t)

using the initial conditions (maybe Im not supposed to use them here?)
I find a = 9, b = -3

For the inhomogeneous eq:

I try (guess)
y = Asin(3t) + Bsin(3t)
y' = 3Acos(3t) - 3Bsin(3t)
y" = -9Asin(3t) - 9Bcos(3t)

substitute those values into the original equation (left hand side) I find

sin3t(-9A-9B) + cos3t(-9B-9A) = 72sin3t + 36cos3t

therefore
-9A - 9B = 72
-9B - 9A = 36
giving B = -6, A = -2


Therefore I get the solution:

y = 9 - 3e^(-3t) - 2sin3t - 6cos3t

What did I do wrong (this answer is incorrect)
Thanks
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tiny-tim
#2
Mar4-10, 03:16 PM
Sci Advisor
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Thanks
tiny-tim's Avatar
P: 26,148
Hi offbeatjumi!
Quote Quote by offbeatjumi View Post
where y(0) = 6 and y'(0) = 9

using the initial conditions (maybe Im not supposed to use them here?)
I find a = 9, b = -3

Therefore I get the solution:

y = 9 - 3e^(-3t) - 2sin3t - 6cos3t
But y(0) ≠ 6, is it?

So you did need to wait until the end before finding the constants.
offbeatjumi
#3
Mar4-10, 08:23 PM
P: 29
thank you! i wasn't sure about where to apply initial conditions


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