## Does a horizontally spinning weight = no motion weight?

Imagine a person weighing 99kg stands on a bathroom scale. He reads 99kg. That same person then grabs a ball attached to a string that weighs 1kg together. Since he never left the scale he now reads 100kg total.
Now imagine he spins the ball and string like a helicopter overhead. (Since hes a big dude he can do this without shaking the scale)

What does the scale read? 99kg or 100kg or 99.5kg etc? If it is not 99kg what forces are at play given the mass of the ball and string are now in motion?

It is my notion that the motionless man on the scale reads 100kg because he, the string, and the ball are now one unit. Once the 1kg mass is in motion it becomes external to the unit and the scale reads 99.

What are your thoughts? (this isn't homework, just something that has been bothering me)
Justin
 Recognitions: Gold Member I believe the scale still reads 100kg. The ball is still being pulled down by gravity. This is why you have to spin something faster to make it rise towards a 90 degree angle. A spinning top doesn't weigh less than one that is stopped and fallen over.
 My counter to the comparison of the top is that the top was and remains one unit so to speak. If the scale reads 100 how is that 1kg being transferred to the scale? If the string is horizontal how is the weight on the scale the same?

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## Does a horizontally spinning weight = no motion weight?

 Quote by evowerks My counter to the comparison of the top is that the top was and remains one unit so to speak. If the scale reads 100 how is that 1kg being transferred to the scale? If the string is horizontal how is the weight on the scale the same?
The weight is being pulled down by gravity, no matter if it is spinning or not. The string is near horizontal because of centrifugal force, not because the force of gravity has lessened. It is still pulling down on the string just as much as it was when it was stopped. You just have 2 different forces now instead of one.
 Who was it that said "Give me a place to stand and I can move the world"? I'm just not as confident as you are on this. Astronauts experience weightlessness in orbit but there is about the same amount of Earth's gravity on them as us on the ground. They don't experience the sensation of weight because they have nothing to "stand on". If you are right than we must conclude the horizontal string still transfers 1kg to the scale as it would vertically. I just can't get past that concept.
 Mentor It is still 100 kg. You can convince yourself of this simply by drawing some free body diagrams. You still have to exert a 10 N force up on the string to keep the ball from falling. By Newton's 3rd law that results in a 10 N force down on your hand. The force on the scale is then your weight plus those 10 N.

 Quote by evowerks My counter to the comparison of the top is that the top was and remains one unit so to speak. If the scale reads 100 how is that 1kg being transferred to the scale? If the string is horizontal how is the weight on the scale the same?
The reason is that the string isn't horizontal. The string is slightly below horizontal, with a 1 kgf vertical component to the tension (plus a much larger horizontal component which will depend on how fast the string is being swung).
 So what you are saying is that it doesn't matter how fast the weight is spinning because you are still pushing up the 1kg anyway? Let's change the scene a bit. Let's say the man holds a high speed electrical motor attached to a string and weight, again with the string and weight equaling 1kg for a total of 100kg (man, motor, batteries, string, weight). He holds the motor overhead and spins the weighted string...Same outcome? 100kg?
 Mentor No. You have to include the weight of the motor and batteries.
 apology. What I meant to say is that the man got thinner and he now weighs 99kg whilst holding the motor and batteries. :)
 Recognitions: Gold Member Same outcome. It's still 100 kg.
 Mentor Then it would be 100 kg. Whatever the total mass is of all the things on the scale is what the scale will read. Spinning in a horizontal circle does not cause antigravity, otherwise we would have built vehicles on that principle.
 It doesn't matter how fast he spins it, the strong cannot be horizontal. The vertical component of the tension in the strong (acting on the ball) must be nonzero to cancel the ball's weight. If the string is horizontal, the ball will accelerate downwards.

Mentor
 Quote by MikeyW It doesn't matter how fast he spins it, the strong cannot be horizontal. The vertical component of the tension in the strong (acting on the ball) must be nonzero to cancel the ball's weight. If the string is horizontal, the ball will accelerate downwards.
That is true. When books talk about horizontally spinning weights it should be understood that the ball is spinning in a horizontal plane, but the string necessarily rises above this plane for the reason you gave here.
 I guess I didn't realize that the string would never become horizontal relative to the hand/motor... DaleSpam, that's kind of what I was getting at. The mass of the ball is unchanged, but I was debating if the weight perceived at the scale would change given the weight is possibly external to the unit.

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 Quote by evowerks I guess I didn't realize that the string would never become horizontal relative to the hand/motor... DaleSpam, that's kind of what I was getting at. The mass of the ball is unchanged, but I was debating if the weight perceived at the scale would change given the weight is possibly external to the unit.
A good question to ask yourself is "What is holding the ball up against gravity?". The answer of course is the string and the person.

 Quote by evowerks Imagine a person weighing 99kg stands on a bathroom scale. He reads 99kg. That same person then grabs a ball attached to a string that weighs 1kg together. Since he never left the scale he now reads 100kg total. Now imagine he spins the ball and string like a helicopter overhead. (Since hes a big dude he can do this without shaking the scale) What does the scale read? 99kg or 100kg or 99.5kg etc? If it is not 99kg what forces are at play given the mass of the ball and string are now in motion? It is my notion that the motionless man on the scale reads 100kg because he, the string, and the ball are now one unit. Once the 1kg mass is in motion it becomes external to the unit and the scale reads 99. What are your thoughts? (this isn't homework, just something that has been bothering me) Justin
The red part is an important addition. As anyone who stands on a scale knows if you crouch down and then stand up quickly, your weight appears to change. Its fairly difficult to stand really still on a digital scale that reads to the 0.1 pounds, and not have it change some...

 Tags centrifugal, centripetal, mass, weight