gradient, potential and electric field


by brad sue
Tags: electric, field, gradient, potential
brad sue
brad sue is offline
#1
Mar16-07, 09:07 PM
P: 284
Hi ,
I need help about procedure on this problem:

Consider a sphere of charge density ρv= 2/r[C/m3] having a radius a (no charge outside), centered at the origin. Perform the following steps:
a) Calculate the electric field both inside and outside the sphere using Gaussí law.
b) Calculate the potential inside and outside the sphere by integrating the electric field to get
the potential, assuming zero Volts at infinity.
c) Calculate the potential assuming that the reference is at the origin zero, V(0,0,0) =0
d) Find the electric field inside and outside the sphere by taking the gradient of the potential.
You should be able to verify that your answer is the same as the electric field that you started with from Gaussís law.


I found the first question:
for r<a -> E=1/ε0

for r>a--> E=a^2/(ε0*r^2)

Now for the second question b)

for r>a :
V(r)-V(inf)=- ∫(a^2/(ε0*r^2)dr) [from infinity to r]=[a^2/(ε0*r)]+ (2a/(ε0))

for r<a:
V(r)-V(a)=- ∫(1/(ε0)dr) [from a to r]=-r/ε0

I did the same approach with the question (but not so sure about the method) c).

Now when I want to find that electric field with the gradient, I dont find the same answer of E I started with.

Perhaps my method is wrong.
Please,please can someone show me How to do this problem?
At least one part to show me how we verify the electric field with the gradient [especially with V(r=0)=0].

Thank you
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