Register to reply

Number theory Q

by ElDavidas
Tags: number, theory
Share this thread:
ElDavidas
#1
May12-07, 05:36 AM
P: 80
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Let [itex] \zeta [/itex] be a primative 6-th root of unity. Set [itex] \omega = \zeta i [/itex] where [itex] i^2 = 1[/itex].

Find a square-free integer [itex]m[/itex] such that [itex] Q [\sqrt{m}] = Q[ \zeta ] [/itex]

2. Relevant equations

The minimal polynomial of [itex] \zeta [/itex] is [itex] x^2 - x + 1 [/itex]

3. The attempt at a solution

I was intending to use the theorem that:

Take [itex] p [/itex] to be a prime and [itex] \zeta [/itex] to be a [itex] p [/itex]-th root of unity. if

[tex]S = \sum_{a =1}^{p-1} \big( \frac{a}{p} \big) \zeta^a [/tex]

then

[tex] S^2 = \Big( \frac{-1}{p} \Big) p [/tex].

This would make [itex]S^2[/itex] an integer. However, 6 is not a prime though. I'm really stumped in what to do. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Oh, and by [itex]( \frac{-1}{p} \Big)[/itex], I mean the legendre symbol.
Phys.Org News Partner Science news on Phys.org
Mysterious source of ozone-depleting chemical baffles NASA
Water leads to chemical that gunks up biofuels production
How lizards regenerate their tails: Researchers discover genetic 'recipe'
matt grime
#2
May12-07, 07:52 AM
Sci Advisor
HW Helper
P: 9,396
What are the roots of x^2-x+1?
ElDavidas
#3
May13-07, 03:15 AM
P: 80
The roots of that polynomial are the primative roots [itex] \zeta [/itex] and [itex]\zeta^5[/itex]. How would I now use this information?

matt grime
#4
May13-07, 04:28 AM
Sci Advisor
HW Helper
P: 9,396
Number theory Q

No. What are the roots of that polynomial. You're making it too complicated. If I gave you that polynomial in you Freshman calc course, or whatever, you'd be able to write out the roots without thinking. What are the roots? Or better yet, don't write out the roots using THE QUADRATIC FORMULA, just write down a sixth root of unity using elementary complex numbers. HINT: If I asked for a primitive 4th root of unity, would i be acceptable? Or -i? You know that [itex]\exp(2\pi i/n)[/itex] is a primitive n'th root of unity, and that the others are [itex]\exp(2\pi i m/n)[/itex] for m prime to n.


Register to reply

Related Discussions
Number Theory: Calculating mod large number Calculus & Beyond Homework 9
Number Theory? Linear & Abstract Algebra 6
Measure theory and number theory? Linear & Abstract Algebra 18
Number theory Linear & Abstract Algebra 1
Division theory..and Prime Number theory.. Linear & Abstract Algebra 3