Simple single-slit sound diffraction


by Ownaginatious
Tags: diffraction, simple, singleslit, sound
Ownaginatious
Ownaginatious is offline
#1
Apr6-09, 10:52 PM
P: 38
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

I'm having trouble solving this problem and I'm unsure why,

"A stereo speaker is located inside a speaker cabinet with an opening 30.9 cm wide. The speaker emits a sound with a frequency of 2620 Hz. Assuming that the speed of sound in air is 343 m/s, find the location along a wall 97.7 m away where a listener will hear the first diffraction minimum. Give this location as a distance from the central axis. "

2. Relevant equations

I believe the relevant equation for this is the equation for the diffraction of waves through a single slit:

wavelength = r
Distance to wall = L
Distance between slits: d
diffraction minimum/maximum: m

With the equation, y = (mrL)/d

3. The attempt at a solution

r = (speed of sound)/(frequency)
r = (343 m/s)/(2620 Hz)
r = 0.131 m

Now since this is the first diffraction minimum, m = 1.

y = (mrL)/d
y = (0.131 m * 97.7 m) / (0.309 m)
y = 41.4 m

This answer is apparently wrong. Can anyone please show me where I went wrong?

Thanks!

- Dillon
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rl.bhat
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#2
Apr6-09, 11:19 PM
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What is the condition for destructive interference in terms of path difference?
Ownaginatious
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#3
Apr6-09, 11:37 PM
P: 38
Quote Quote by rl.bhat View Post
What is the condition for destructive interference in terms of path difference?
I'm sorry, I'm not sure I follow. Are you giving me a hint, or asking me something in regards to the problem?

If the former, doesn't one sound wave have to be out of phase with the other by pi?

rl.bhat
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#4
Apr7-09, 12:03 AM
HW Helper
P: 4,442

Simple single-slit sound diffraction


Sorry. I am thinking about the stereo speaker. Whether it is a single source problem or the double source?
Ownaginatious
Ownaginatious is offline
#5
Apr7-09, 12:13 AM
P: 38
Well, I'm guessing it's a single speaker because it doesn't really specify a second one in the question.


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