## 3-D Pythagorean Theorem?

Has anybody else tried this?

a^3 + b^3 + c^3 = d^3

3^3 + 4^3 + 5^3 = 6^3

27 + 64 + 125 = 216

This seems to be a logical extension of the Pythagorean Theorem and it works if the values of 3, 4 and 5 are used for a, b and c.

Has this already been discovered in mathematics or is this something new?

 Recognitions: Gold Member Science Advisor The logical extension of the Pythagorean theorum in 3 dimensions is s^2 = x^2 + y^2 + z^2
 Recognitions: Homework Help Science Advisor The term 3d pythagoras is usually reserved to mean that the square of the length of a diagonal of a cube is the sum of the squares of the sides. What is your theorem anyway? I only see an example that you've found some numbers whose cubes are related in a certain way.

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## 3-D Pythagorean Theorem?

Yeah that's kind of interesting, Fermat's famous conjecture was that there exist no equivalent of Pythagorean Triads for powers higher than two, eg no chance for integers a^3 + b^3 = c^3.

So what you're saying is that although there is no direct cubic "triad" equivalent there are indeed integer "cubic quartets". Interesting idea, perhaps there are also 4th power "quintets" and fifth power "sextet" etc. Does anyone know if there are existing theorems or conjectures about this?

 Yes, Euler conjectured that there were no integers x, y, z, w such that x^4 + y^4 + z^4 = w^4 (not exactly what you were asking for, but close enough). Noam Elkies of Harvard discovered this counterexample in 1988: 2682440^4 + 15365639^4 + 18796760^4 = 20615673^4.
 Recognitions: Homework Help Science Advisor And there is the famous example in this vein that every integer (and hence every square, cube 4th power etc) is the sum of 4 squares.
 Blog Entries: 47 Recognitions: Gold Member Homework Help Science Advisor Some related discussions: http://mathforum.org/library/drmath/view/54935.html http://www.earthmatrix.com/Pitagor3.htm
 Recognitions: Homework Help Science Advisor "This seems to be a logical extension of the Pythagorean Theorem and it works if the values of 3, 4 and 5 are used for a, b and c." but doesn't if a=b=c=1
 The more general question is: which sums are products? A^3 = A^2 + A^2 + A^2 or A^3 = 3*A^2 From that A must equal 3, or for general: N^n = n*N^n-1 So for any two sums like Z^n = X^n + Y^n n can only be two. Just started messing with this. Don't know where it goes.
 There's an n-dimensional Pythagorean theorem too isn't there? I don't see why not. How about a_1^2 + a_2^2 + .... + a_n^2 = a^2

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 Quote by Digit The more general question is: which sums are products? A^3 = A^2 + A^2 + A^2 or A^3 = 3*A^2 From that A must equal 3, or for general: N^n = n*N^n-1 So for any two sums like Z^n = X^n + Y^n n can only be two. Just started messing with this. Don't know where it goes.
Is that the shortest known "proof" of Fermat's last theorem?

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 Quote by fourier jr There's an n-dimensional Pythagorean theorem too isn't there? I don't see why not. How about a_1^2 + a_2^2 + .... + a_n^2 = a^2
Yes and no. The n dimensional version is a direct consequence of the 2d version; it is provable directly from it. Of course one might argue that this is just a formal result from making the definitions of inner products such as they are, though I must ask, is no one else actually going to say what any of the terms in their 'theorems' actually are? Pythagoras DOES NOT say that x**2+y**2=z**2, since 1,1,3 for x,y,z resp disproves that (even if we assume x,y,z must be real numbers in the first place!) it states something geometrical. Is the OP going to state what they might actually mean?

 x^2 + y^2 = s^2 s^2 + z^2 = r^2 x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = r^2

 Quote by matt grime Is that the shortest known "proof" of Fermat's last theorem?
I don't know. I am sure there is a short proof but I don't know how to do it.

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 Quote by Digit I don't know. I am sure there is a short proof but I don't know how to do it.
Your above post claims you do though.

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