## First order DE, using integrating factor

Hi,

I tried to solve this by using the integrating factor technique
$$\begin{cases} dy/dt +10y = 1 \\ y(1/10) = 2/10 \end{cases}$$

So $$p(x) = 10t \rightarrow e^{10t}$$

$$e^{10t} \cdot \frac{dy}{dt} + e^{10t} \cdot 10y = e^{10t}$$

This part is confusing to me, i have two different variables y and t.

How do i integrate the left side?
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 Quote by James889 $$e^{10t} \cdot \frac{dy}{dt} + e^{10t} \cdot 10y = e^{10t}$$ This part is confusing to me, i have two different variables y and t.
The independent variable in this problem is t. It's playing the role x would usually play.

 How do i integrate the left side?
The point of the integrating factor is to turn the lefthand side into a derivative. In your case, you have

$$e^{10t} \cdot \frac{dy}{dt} + e^{10t} \cdot 10y = (e^{10t} y)'$$

You can differentiate $e^{10t} y$ to verify that's the case. So integrating the lefthand side is trivial because you're just integrating a derivative.
 Ok, So after integrating both sides, i have $$e^{10t}\cdot y = \frac{1}{10} e^{10t} +C$$ After inserting applying the initial conditions i get: $$e^{10t} \cdot \frac{1}{10} = \frac{1}{10} e^{10t} +C$$ This gives that the e terms cancel and C = 2/10 but that's incorrect. Hm, what am i missing here?

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## First order DE, using integrating factor

 Quote by James889 Ok, So after integrating both sides, i have $$e^{10t}\cdot y = \frac{1}{10} e^{10t} +C$$
You can solve for y to get

$$y=\frac{1}{10}+C e^{-10t}$$

 After inserting applying the initial conditions i get: $$e^{10t} \cdot \frac{1}{10} = \frac{1}{10} e^{10t} +C$$ This gives that the e terms cancel and C = 2/10 but that's incorrect. Hm, what am i missing here?
A few mistakes in what you did: you didn't substitute a value in for t, and you plugged in the wrong initial value for y. Also, you apparently did the algebra wrong because the exponentials can't cancel.

 Quote by vela You can solve for y to get $$y=\frac{1}{10}+C e^{-10t}$$
Hm, after plugging in the right value for y i get, like you.

$$e^1\cdot \frac{2}{10} = \frac{e^1}{10} + C$$ which clearly gives C = e/10

But how did you get $$e^{-10t}$$ ?

That must be from dividing by 2e^10 but why does the variable t reappear when you already plugged in 1/10 ?

Sorry for the ignorance, i suck.
 Recognitions: Gold Member Homework Help Science Advisor Staff Emeritus I divided both sides of the equation by $e^{10t}$ to solve for y. All you have to do now is take the value of C you found and plug it back into the solution.