Solving nonhomogeneous differential equation with variable coefficientsby ross_tang Tags: coefficients, differential, equation, nonhomogeneous, solving, variable 

#1
Jun2510, 12:04 PM

P: 65

Here is a paper written by me:
Solving linear nonhomogeneous ordinary differential equation with variable coefficients with operator method Basically, it uses operator method to solve linear nonhomogeneous ordinary differential equation with variable coefficients. If you have a differential operator of order n, and you know a fundamental solution to the operator, you can use my method to factorize a linear factor out of the differential operator. By repeating the process, you can factorize the operator totally, and solving the equation is a matter of repeated integration only. (It doesn't teach you how to find a fundamental solution though. It is done probably by guessing.) I am not sure if this method is original. I just think of it a few days ago. People may have used it for a long time. But I can't find anything similar from the web. If you don't know what is operator method, please read this tutorial: Introduction to differential equation, and solving linear differential equations using operator method At last, you may wanna read other differential equations related questions, discussions, articles and links from this page in Voofie. 



#2
Jun2510, 02:57 PM

Sci Advisor
P: 1,563

So basically, your claim is that if you already know all the solutions, then you can find the solutions...




#3
Jun2510, 03:47 PM

P: 657

I didn't go through the detailed algebra, but to me it smells like "reduction of order". ross_tang, you should look this up in any ode book to see if your approach is really any different from the standard approach.
Of course, Ben Niehoff is right that the "if we can find a fundamental solution to the differential operator ..." step in the method is the really hard part. One might hope that once you guess a solution to the nth order equation that the resulting n1 order equation would be even easier to guess a solution to, but I expect there are counterexamples to that hope. jason 



#4
Jun2610, 01:36 AM

P: 65

Solving nonhomogeneous differential equation with variable coefficients@jasonRF, You may say my method is something like "reduction of order", but it is different. In reduction of order, you are finding all fundamental solution to the original homogeneous equation. After you do that, you need to use method of variation of parameters to obtain the particular solution. In my method, I am reducing the differential operator into products of linear factors. Once you have done that, you can find the particular solution and all fundamental solutions to the nonhomogeneous equation at once by applying the formula of integrating factor. Finally, it is true that the most difficult part is finding any particular solution. I just want to give an alternative to method of variation of parameters and reduction of order, into factorization of operator. I think it is a much more neat method. In short, my method is just like long division in factorizing polynomial of degree n. Once you know a root of the polynomial equation, you can use long division to reduce it to a linear factor multiply by a polynomial of degree n1. It is proved that we can't have analytic formula for degree n>=5. Therefore, if we can guess one of the root, we can reduce its degree. But for the case of linear differential equation, we resort to guessing even for 2nd order only. 


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