## multivariable limits, how to show existence or non-existence

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
lim(x,y)->(1,0) of ln((1+y^2)/(x^2+xy))

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

Used two paths,
x=1
y=0
both gave my lim=0
so I tried x=rsin y=rcos, in attempt to use ε-δ to prove it.

got to ln((1+r^2sin^2)/(r^2cos(cos+sin)))

not sure where to go from here.

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 Try going linear, with y = m(x - 1) instead.

Mentor
 Quote by mike1967 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data lim(x,y)->(1,0) of ln((1+y^2)/(x^2+xy)) 2. Relevant equations 3. The attempt at a solution Used two paths, x=1 y=0 both gave my lim=0 so I tried x=rsin y=rcos, in attempt to use ε-δ to prove it. got to ln((1+r^2sin^2)/(r^2cos(cos+sin))) not sure where to go from here.
I don't see that there's any difficulty as long as x→1 and y→0. ln(1/1) = 0

## multivariable limits, how to show existence or non-existence

My issue is in lecture my professor made it clear that finding any finite number of ways a function approached the same number did not prove that the lim was equal to that, in this case 0, because there are infinite number of ways (x,y) can approach the point. Does this make sense or did I misunderstand? Basically the only way he taught us to prove a lim existed was to use the ε-δ.

Mentor
 Quote by mike1967 My issue is in lecture my professor made it clear that finding any finite number of ways a function approached the same number did not prove that the lim was equal to that, in this case 0, because there are infinite number of ways (x,y) can approach the point. Does this make sense or did I misunderstand? Basically the only way he taught us to prove a lim existed was to use the ε-δ.
Yes, what your prof. said makes sense. I'm pretty sure that the functions that cause trouble are of indeterminate form, usually 0/0 . Very often the limit is being taken as (x,y)→(0,0) in which case using polar coordinates is often a big help.

For the problem in this thread, you have neither 0/0, and (x,y)→(1,0) rather than (0,0).

BTW: If the limit does not exist, then if you may be able to show that the limit is different along different paths.

 Well along the path x=y the limit blows up, 1/0, so then the limit does not exist?

Mentor
 Quote by mike1967 Well along the path x=y the limit blows up, 1/0, so then the limit does not exist?
The line y=x doesn't go through the point (1,0) .

 opps, ok. I think I solved it now. The limit exists and is equal to 0 epsilon=r delta=r epsilon=delta.