Register to reply 
Energy stored in a capacitor. 
Share this thread: 
#1
Sep412, 03:00 PM

P: 262

In the thread about permanent magnets it is stated that power per unit volume is E.J As you perhaps saw it is quite a job to prove that fact in the case of magnets. I thought it should be a lot easier to prove that in the electrical equivalent case of 2 opposite charged plates.
My back of envelope calculation went as follows: Let one plate approach the other with a constant (low) velocity and collide. Now, according to Gauss’ law E between the plates is q/Aε. E remains constant until the gap is nearly closed, I will ignore the last micro meter of distance where E vanishes. Next: J=q/At. Put together: (E is parallel to J) P=E.J x vol=E x q/At x Vol so that energy W=E x q x d , where Vol=A x d. But here E x d = U, then W=qU. So at first sight not a bad result except that the result should be 1/2qU. Where’s the rub? I think I know but what do you think? 


#2
Sep412, 03:27 PM

P: 303

Otherwise you would have to integrate to get the result, which would have put 1/2, that your calculation is missing. 


#3
Sep512, 02:37 PM

P: 262

However, I should of course have done this calculation properly and used integration. Perhaps I will do in the weekend. In the meantime I’m convinced that the answer lays elsewhere. 


#4
Sep812, 06:02 AM

P: 262

Energy stored in a capacitor.
I had a go doing the calculation without keeping v constant, but my maths is not up to it. With v constant we have: (say the +ve plate is travelling, E parallel with J, ignore edge fields)
P/Vol = E.J dP = E I dl = E dq/dt dl = E dq v dF = E dq Since q remains constant, so does F therefore: F = E q W = int F dl = q int E dl = qU I hope somebody will do this calculation with v as a function of time or distance, perhaps it will give the correct answer after all. 


#5
Sep1012, 05:45 AM

P: 262

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7NUbsQtG9U
For the explanation. The lecturer states that the charge is emerged in an E field which goes from E max to zero and therefore the average value is ½ E, which is one way of looking at it. I prefer the view that the +ve charge can only be attracted by the –ve plate and the field of the –ve plate is only ½ E max. 


Register to reply 
Related Discussions  
Energy stored in a capacitor  Classical Physics  13  
Energy stored in a capacitor  Introductory Physics Homework  6  
Stored Energy In a Capacitor  Introductory Physics Homework  8  
Energy Stored in a Capacitor  Introductory Physics Homework  1  
Energy stored in a capacitor  Introductory Physics Homework  4 