dU/dt = 0 for oscillating spring, help with derivation

by docholliday
Tags: springs mechanics
docholliday is offline
Dec6-12, 06:50 PM
P: 5
U = energy
In the book:
[itex] \frac{dU}{dt} = \frac{d}{dt} (\frac{1}{2} mv^2 + \frac{1}{2} kx^2) [/itex]

then we have [itex] m \frac{d^{2}x}{dt^2} + kx = 0 [/itex] because [itex] v = \frac{dx}{dt} [/itex]

however they get rid of [itex] \frac{dx}{dt} [/itex] .

They are ignoring the case where v = 0, because then [itex] m \frac{d^{2}x}{dt^2} + kx [/itex] doesn't have to be zero, and it can still satisfy the equation.
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rock.freak667 is offline
Dec6-12, 07:00 PM
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If you have y = (dx/dt)^2 and you put u = dx/dt

then y=u^2 such that dy/du = 2u and du/dt = d^2x/dt^2

So dy/dt = 2u*du/dt = 2(dx/dt)(d^2x/dt^2)

In your original equation, differentiating the KE term and the spring term will give you a dx/dt which can be canceled out since dU/dt= 0.
Khashishi is offline
Dec6-12, 07:01 PM
P: 833
You should edit the post and replace [; ... ;] with [i tex] ... [/i tex]
(get rid of the space in [i tex]. I put that in so the parser wouldn't detect it.)

docholliday is offline
Dec6-12, 07:08 PM
P: 5

dU/dt = 0 for oscillating spring, help with derivation

yes, i get it but if dx/dt = 0, which it can, then the equation is satisfied and the other term doesn't have to be zero. However, we are saying the other term must always be zero.
mfb is offline
Dec7-12, 07:50 AM
P: 10,830
dx/dt = 0 is true for a two point in time per period only, or for a non-moving spring in equilibrium. That is not relevant for the general case.

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