|Jan20-13, 04:00 PM||#1|
Most Probable Speed - Atoms From An Oven
I'm looking to find the most probable speed of atoms ejected from an oven.
Temp (T) is 900°C (so 1173.15K).
The material is aluminium with molar mass 0.027kg mol-1
I've got the formula vmp=√(2kT/m)
I'm fine with everything above, but I'm not sure what value to use as the Boltzmann constant k.
Can anyone please help me here? Do I have the right equation and what value for the constant should I use (sounds silly, but it changes depending upon units. I've tried a couple but get silly tiny speeds out. I think I should expect something in the region of a few hundred metres per second).
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|Jan20-13, 04:37 PM||#2|
In SI units:
K = 1.38e-23 J/K
m = mass of one molecule = 0.027/6.022e23 kg
T = 1173 K
... which gives a velocity of "hundreds of m/s" as you expected.
|boltzmann constant, most probable speed|
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