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Aug15-06, 12:44 AM
P: 49
Quote Quote by john baez

Sure! A connection on a bundle

[tex]P \to B[/tex]

is a functor from the "path groupoid" of the base space B to the "transport groupoid" of the bundle.

Very roughly speaking, it goes like this:

The path groupoid has points of B as objects and paths in B as morphisms.

The transport groupoid has fibers of P as objects and maps betwen fibers as morphisms.

Here's how we get a functor. First send each point x in B to the fiber [tex]P_x[/tex] over that point - that's what our functor does to objects. Then send each path from x to y in B to the "parallel transport" map from [tex]P_y[/tex] to [tex]P_y[/tex] - this is what our functor does to morphisms.

I'm omitting a lot of details. All this is explained more precisely in these talks of mine, based on a a paper with Urs Schreiber. But, we go a lot farther: we think of "2-connections" as 2-functors between 2-categories. This lets us do parallel transport not just along curves, but along surfaces.

You can read a lot more about "connections as functors" in my introduction to bundles and connections. This may be a little less stressful than picking what you want out of a more fancy discussion.

Here's a little puzzle: if we think of a connection as a functor, what's a gauge transformation?
Thanks for framing it that way, I find this way of thinking to be quite seductive, I'll certainly have a look at those references and think about that puzzle.

As I said in another post of mine, there couldn't be anyone more novice than me, but this all seems pretty accessible the way it's being described, bravo :)