Quote by WilliamJ
As I am studying the very basics topics of high energy physics on my own time I find that there are patterns everywhere, the same kind of patterns. Where there are 6 quark types and those come in three pairs, for example the up and down quarks. Then you have leptons which do the exact same, except it is three pairs that are made up of, for example, an electron and an electron neutrino. There are also the gluons which have the same kind of pattern of 6 types of gluons coming in three pairs, for example, red and antired. There is also the six trig. ratios which are responsible for the wave like the Sine and Cosine. Then there are the Weak bosons and these are like the atom with the charges of the Proton, Neutron, and electron. And I see much, much more to the whole layout of the patterns, like the fact that evey particle has an antiparticle (also how in the world do you have neutral particles with antiparticles of them?). I see no way for these patterns to have not been noticed yet. It seems like these patterns would almost be impossible to be not noticed.
Anyone, if you can point me in the right direction, or atleast give me a pretty quick answer (if that is even possible) to this plethora of similar patterns, I would be more than thrilled to hear what you have to say.
Sincerley,
WilliamJ

The first thing you refer to is known as the
generations of particles. One of the mysteries of particle physics is why there are three almost identical generations of particles.
In fact there are 8 gluons, not 6. Each gluon carries both a color and an anticolor, so they come in varieties like redantigreen or blueantired. Since there are three colors you might expect there to be 3x3 = 9 gluons, but for group theoretical reasons one of these 9 doesn't exist, so there are 8 gluons.
The fact that every particle has an antiparticle is well understood as one of the several nontrivial consequences of combining special relativity and quantum mechanics to get quantum field theory, which is the basis for all particle physics.