why does valence electrons not produce electric field in the space?
let X be any hypothetical isolated neutral atom and X- be the anion formed when X gain 1 electron
this extra electron is in the valence energy orbit(band) and X- being charged produces electric field
check me if i m wrng above
now X(neutral) also consists of electrons in the valence band but it does not produce electric field in the space ?
can u pl explain the mechanisms involved .....