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The law of the machine

by series111
Tags: machine
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Jun21-08, 04:24 AM
P: 54
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

A screw jack has a single start thread of pitch 7mm and a operating handle 800mm long.when raising a load of 750kg the effort required on thev end of the handle is 26N.
determine for these operating conditions the following :
(a) the mechanical advantage
(b) the velocity ratio
(c) the efficiency of the machine
(d) the law of the machine

2. Relevant equations
ma = load/effort
vr = 2 x pie x r/p
effiency of the machine = ma/vr x 100%
law of the machine = E = aw+b

3. The attempt at a solution

(a) mechanical advantage = 750 x 9.81/26N = 282.98

(b) the velocity ratio = 2 x pie x 800mm/7mm = 718.07

(c) the effiency of the machine = 282.98/718.07 x 100% = 39.40%

(d) the law of the machine this is where i am struggling i no the formula is E = aw+b

where a is the velocity ratio and w is the load however what does the b stand for and if i need to caculate this how do i do this please help ......
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Jun21-08, 06:01 AM
P: 199
Substitute the values of E,a,w in the law of machines to obtain the value of b (it is a constant).
Jun21-08, 09:11 AM
P: 54
so i have transposed correctly i think and have came up with this :

b = E-a/w

therefore b = 26n - 718.07/750 x 9.81 = 16.60

thanks for the quick reply

Jun21-08, 02:57 PM
P: 54
The law of the machine

sorry to reply again as i have misread part (e) in the question

it says if the effort needed to raise a load of 400kg is 17N determine :

the law of the machine.

also should the law of the machine when calculated total 17N

thanks again mark
Jun22-08, 12:32 AM
P: 199
Quote Quote by series111 View Post
also should the law of the machine when calculated total 17N
I don't understand what you mean by this.

However, you have been provided with two sets of values for E and W. Substitute these in the law of machines, and obtain the values of 'a' and 'b' by solving the system of linear equations that you get.

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