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Laplace's equation in spherical co-ords

by benabean
Tags: coords, equation, laplace, spherical
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May10-09, 10:55 AM
P: 32
I have a simple question about the general solution to Laplace's equation in spherical co-ords.
The general solution is:

[tex]u(r, \theta, \phi) = \sum^{\infty}_{l=0}\sum^{l}_{m=-l}\left(a_{lm}r^{l} + \frac{b_{lm}}{r^{l+1}}\right)P_{lm}(cos\theta)e^{im\phi}[/tex]

(where the [tex]a_{lm}, b_{lm}[/tex] coefficients can be found using the boundary conditions in question.)

My problem lies in trying to understand the limits on the summation [tex]\sum^{l}_{m=-l}[/tex]. Can anyone offer any help on this please?

Thanks for reading, b.
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May14-09, 10:17 AM
P: 333
Probably due to the same reason why the irreducible representation of SO(3) has dimension
[tex]2\ell + 1[/tex] (physicist tends to use j for spin/orbital angular momentum number).

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