# Quant.Entaglement ifference between superposition of spins and not knowing the spin?

by Swimmingly!
Tags: knowing, spin, spins, superposition
 P: 45 Let two electrons' (A and B) spin be entangled. They'll be in a superposition of up and down spin. When the spin of A is measured it settles randomly to up and instantly B is set to down. What makes it unreasonable to say from the very beginning A was up and B was down? Would we draw any different conclusions if we assumed it had an unknown but set spin from the very beginning? My problem with the answer yes: If there's a difference and if we then propose that "superpositioned-electron" behaves differently from a "non-superpositioned" electron. Then we can probably tell whether an electron is in superposition or not. And we can then use this to send information faster than light. Therefore either the idea or my arguments are wrong. (possibly reading or changing them messes everything up) So I assume it may be just a matter of how QM describes the world. Like if we knew that Angels pushed planets around. But we decided to say that it's gravity instead that does it, even though it's all done by the angels. Also it reminds me a bit of a Schrodinger's cat. Is it that different to say we don't know from saying it's dead and alive?
 PF Gold P: 821 I guess whether a superposition of up and down spins for each particle would result in a different result if the spin is measured along @ axis (@ being whatever you wish) - than if you had one up and one down and you measured along @ axis. I'm sure someone else will clarify, but that's what I suspect.
 PF Gold P: 821 From "The Quantum Challenge" A superposition of up and down spins, the particle measured along the x-axis, is it found in the position direction. Rather if the particles were a mixture of up and down spins, then we will see 1/2 positive direction and 1/2 negative direction - when measured along the x-axis.
P: 45
Quant.Entaglement ifference between superposition of spins and not knowing the spin?

 Quote by StevieTNZ From "The Quantum Challenge" A superposition of up and down spins, the particle measured along the x-axis, is it found in the position direction. Rather if the particles were a mixture of up and down spins, then we will see 1/2 positive direction and 1/2 negative direction - when measured along the x-axis.

Then how does it not allow faster than light communication? Does the reading of the electrons mess everything up?
I don't understand that well the first phrase though, odd construction. I think I kind of get it but I'm not sure.
 P: 913 Quantum mechanics tells you what the result of this entanglement experiment will be, but it doesn't really force you to accept a certain view of reality. You are suggesting some kind of hidden variable theory, which can be made fully consistent with QM. But, any hidden variable theory needs to have faster than light communication to explain the effects.
P: 45
 Quote by Khashishi Quantum mechanics tells you what the result of this entanglement experiment will be, but it doesn't really force you to accept a certain view of reality. You are suggesting some kind of hidden variable theory, which can be made fully consistent with QM. But, any hidden variable theory needs to have faster than light communication to explain the effects.
I don't know what the results will be. Is it just a question of an irrelevant view of reality?
I think this is weird because if it can be differentiated then it implies faster-than-light communication but if it can't then it seems irrelevant.
I want someone to tell me what's wrong here.
 PF Gold P: 821 I was merely answering the first part of the question. In which scenerio are you wanting to send information (and what sort of information) "faster than light"? The superposition or mixed states - or both? I've sure all this has been ruled out with the no-signalling theorem and the like.
P: 45
 Quote by StevieTNZ I was merely answering the first part of the question. In which scenerio are you wanting to send information (and what sort of information) "faster than light"? The superposition or mixed states - or both? I've sure all this has been ruled out with the no-signalling theorem and the like.
The information would be sent in the case where electrons in superposition of spins are different from a defined value of spin. (possibly the act of reading disrupts the system too much for this but):

Get a pair of entangled electrons and send them to place A and B. We'll send a bit from A to B, which are really far apart. Let's assume electrons in superposition of spins are different from electrons with a defined spin. Let's say superposition stands for 0 and defined spin stands for 1.
• We'll send 1 by measuring the spin the electron. Setting it to some defined value.
• We'll send 0 by not doing anything at all.
Some time later the people in B put to test the behavior of the electron. If it behaves like it is in superposition, then it's 1. If it behaves like it's spin is defined then it's 0.
P: 913
 Quote by Swimmingly! Some time later the people in B put to test the behavior of the electron. If it behaves like it is in superposition, then it's 1. If it behaves like it's spin is defined then it's 0.
How do you propose to do that? The problem is, you can only acertain that B behaves like a superposition by testing many copies of B, in order to get some statistics.
PF Gold
P: 5,441
 Quote by Swimmingly! Let's assume electrons in superposition of spins are different from electrons with a defined spin...
Yes, this is true in a sense, but... the ONLY way you can see how is to do a test on BOTH and compare them.

And that comparison can only be done classically and at light speed. So you are back to where you started.
P: 45
 Quote by Khashishi How do you propose to do that? The problem is, you can only acertain that B behaves like a superposition by testing many copies of B, in order to get some statistics.
Then I'd get lots of B's and do the same to all, I guess.

 Quote by DrChinese Yes, this is true in a sense, but... the ONLY way you can see how is to do a test on BOTH and compare them. And that comparison can only be done classically and at light speed. So you are back to where you started.
I don't understand why you can't compare them with electrons from outside of the experiment, but I understand part of what's wrong now. I still have to study Quantum Physics.
Thank you all for the help.