Register to reply 
System of green functions in solid state physics 
Share this thread: 
#1
Apr2912, 11:59 AM

P: 3

Assume we have a solid state hamiltonian, which is ellectrons plus nuclei plus all possible interactions:
H = [itex]T_{el}[/itex] + [itex]V_{elel}[/itex] + [itex]T_{n}[/itex] + [itex]V_{nn}[/itex] + [itex]V_{nel}[/itex] Is it wrong to write down a selfconsistent system of Green functions for electrons and phonons?[itex]G_{el}[/itex]=g + gS[itex]G_{el}[/itex] S operator does the interraction thing. [itex]G_{ph}[/itex]=g + gS[itex]G_{ph}[/itex] Looks fair to me, but I've never seen any articles doing this way. 


#2
Apr2912, 05:33 PM

P: 67

If by little 'g' you mean free particle propagator, then it's not wrong for the electrons. The operator 's' is then the selfenergy operator. You can look it up. It's not as obvious to me what little 'g' is for phonons. The typical derivation of phonons has already taken into account effects of electrical interactions in the "spring force" between ions. Maybe you could take the 's' in the case of phonons to represent all the deviations from this ideal case.
p.s. you need to use a different symbol 'g' for electrons and phonons, or you'll get confused. 


#3
Apr3012, 02:49 PM

P: 3

Thanks for reply!
Sure thing g's (free particle propagators) are different for different particle types. I'm worried if this "system" of two equations eve exist. Maybe they're jsut independent equations with totally diferent selfpatrs for each quasiparticle. And it's pointless to solve them as a system. 


#4
Apr3012, 03:39 PM

P: 67

System of green functions in solid state physics
It's best to use the BornOppenheimer approximation. In other words, first consider the locations of the nuclei fixed, and then solve the corresponding electronic problem. This will give you an electronic selfenergy that is dependent on the nuclear coordinates. It will also define an effective potential for the nuclear problem according to V(R1, ..., RN) = (total ground state energy when nuclei at coordinates R1, ..., RN). This in turn defines a new problem for the nuclear coordinates. This should be solved in two stages. First stage is harmonic approximation (giving you phonons and little 'g'), and second stage is finding phonon selfenergy resulting from anharmonic deviations. Not taking advantage of the BornOppenheimer approximation is too ambitious. Only if it fails should you consider chucking it.



#5
May112, 05:56 AM

P: 3

To avoid BO approx is the main perpose, my system likes to dance. =)
Thanks alot. 


Register to reply 
Related Discussions  
Solid state physics: phonon density of state  Advanced Physics Homework  0  
Impurity State Green's functions  Atomic, Solid State, Comp. Physics  4  
Should I take Solid State Physics?  Academic Guidance  16  
Solid state physics  Advanced Physics Homework  1  
Solid State Physics  Introductory Physics Homework  4 