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Misunderstanding the concept of torque 
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#1
Dec1912, 06:14 AM

P: 342

I think I am misunderstanding something. Because I had this strain of thought and it doesnt really want to logically up. By my logic anyways.
Ok, here it is: Let us have a standard lever/seesaw and a fulcrum at a point. Let us apply a force to the very end of the lever (which is the farthest away from the fulcrum). Now lets look at the other half of the lever. Lets observe a point on it closer to the fulcrum than the force we applied. Since torque M = F*l we see that the point closer to the fulcrum has to have a higher force applied to it (since its closer to the fulcrum) in order to have the same moment, the moment the whole lever has. So we got that a point closer to the fulcrum has a higher force applied to it. Now lets look at the movement of the lever, we can tell its circular motion, where fulcrum is the centerpoint. Say the force we applied was perpendicular to the lever at that moment. As force results in an acceleration by Newton's second law, we get that an acceleration perpendicular to the lever, aka tangential acceleration, is higher closer to the fulcrum than away from it. And this is the part that I dont understand... As the lever has an angular acceleration, we can tell that the tangential acceleration of a point would get higher as we move farther away from the fulcrum. So why do we get a higher force closer to the fulcrum? P.S. At this point, Im only interested in the forces. Please do NOT bring in the conservation of mechanical energy/work, saying something like "the farther you are from the fulcrum the longer distance you have to travel, ergo closer to the fulcrum point there has to be higher force" or likewise. I do not care about that at this moment. Im only interested in how these forces are created and how they balance each other out. Thanks in advance 


#2
Dec1912, 06:39 AM

P: 4,069

 external forces applied to the lever at this part  internal forces from adjacent lever parts (which you ignored) 


#3
Dec1912, 06:45 AM

P: 5,462

I am having trouble picturing this. Can you draw a diagram? It is important to distinguish whether you mean a lever or a see saw since they place the forces on opposite sides of the fulcrum and this makes a difference. Further it is not clear whether you mean your lever to be in equilibrium or moving, that also makes a difference. 


#4
Dec1912, 07:01 AM

P: 342

Misunderstanding the concept of torque
http://img6.imageshack.us/img6/8206/48580036.png Though lets observe as the lever has no load anywhere on it. Lets just observe the point where the load is placed in the picture. Also, lets observe both the static/equillibrium (as if there was a counter force/torque, so say that in one case there is a load placed on it) and in other case, the lever would be moving. We see that higher force is achieved closer to the fulcrum. Yet if the seesaw has an angular acceleration, shouldnt the part closer to it have a lower acceleration (and therefore force) than the part which is further away? I am interested in how the higher force is achieved closer to the fulcrum. And maybe even in how the torque equation M = F*l actually represents the turning force. 


#5
Dec1912, 12:27 PM

P: 4,069




#6
Dec1912, 12:40 PM

P: 342




#7
Dec1912, 01:00 PM

P: 963

If the lever is practically massless, it follows that small pieces of the lever are practically massless.
If the lever is not accelerating dramatically it follows that the NET force on EVERY small piece of the ruler is close to ZERO. Consider the small piece of the lever on which an external force is applied. It follows that this small piece of the lever is experiencing a total force from the neighboring small piece(s) that is nearly equal and opposite to the applied external force. This applies at each of the three points where the lever connects to the outside world  effort, load and fulcrum. Despite the fact that the net force on every small piece is nearzero, the force from each piece on the next piece will be similar in magnitude to the forces at the effort, load and fulcrum. 


#8
Dec1912, 01:36 PM

P: 4,069




#9
Dec1912, 01:56 PM

P: 342

Would one of you mind doing a quick drawing? Im a little confused and not sure how it relates to larger forces being applied to the load closer to the fulcrum. Would be very helpful.



#10
Dec1912, 02:01 PM

P: 4,069




#11
Dec1912, 02:36 PM

P: 342

http://img834.imageshack.us/img834/7752/87101201.png This is what I could make out of it. If thats what you were pretty much talking about, it describes the picture I posted about the tangential acceleration earlier. Doesnt really explain the force leverage on lower radius. If it is not, is it really that hard to do that little sketch? No disrespect. Drawings are helpful. 


#12
Dec1912, 03:00 PM

P: 4,069

red : force from next segment away from fulcrum green : force from next segment towards fulcrum The vector sum of red & green (net force on a segment ) gets smaller towards the fulcrum, and so does the tangential acceleration of the segments. 


#13
Dec1912, 03:25 PM

P: 342

Why is the force from the segment closer to fulcrum (green) smaller than the force exerted by the segment farther away (red) and why does their sum vector get smaller toward the fulcrum?
Thanks in adv 


#14
Dec1912, 03:49 PM

P: 4,069




#15
Dec1912, 04:03 PM

P: 342

Besides that, I cant link the previous discussion to the force leverage we get with the lever when the load is close to the fulcrum and the force is applied farther than the load. 


#16
Dec1912, 05:06 PM

P: 4,069




#17
Dec2012, 01:37 AM

P: 342

http://img13.imageshack.us/img13/2144/56032918.png Alright, but I still cant deal with how we get more net force on that load nearer to the fulcrum. We just cleared that the net force/acceleration on the parts closer to the fulcrum accelerate less than those farther away. So what changes? We obviously add mass, but does it really relate to that? I understand that in order for the lever to be in equillibrium, we must exert less force farther away from the fulcrum in order to get the same counter torque where that load lies, but what doesnt that part get more acceleration now? Confuses me. 


#18
Dec2112, 03:14 AM

P: 4,069




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