Ocean salinity and its affect on surface tension


by DrClapeyron
Tags: affect, ocean, salinity, surface, tension
DrClapeyron
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#1
Sep19-12, 06:12 AM
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How would decreasing ocean salinity affect surface tension, and how would this reduced surface tension affect coastal zones?

Seems to me that a decrease in salinity will decrease surface tension because density decreases with decreasing salinity. So I would think decrease in density would decrease surface tension. But I can't really find any solid evidence of this.

Also, how would this decrease in ocean surface tension (if true) affect coastal zones? Would coastal acquifer-level rise, clay expansion, decrease tidal salt, and flora/faunal changes lead toward erosion or slumping of anykind? I don't think freshwater lakes have any anamolous type of erosion going on that saline lakes or the oceans do not.
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Chestermiller
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Sep21-12, 07:33 PM
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Quote Quote by DrClapeyron View Post
How would decreasing ocean salinity affect surface tension, and how would this reduced surface tension affect coastal zones?

Seems to me that a decrease in salinity will decrease surface tension because density decreases with decreasing salinity. So I would think decrease in density would decrease surface tension. But I can't really find any solid evidence of this.

Also, how would this decrease in ocean surface tension (if true) affect coastal zones? Would coastal acquifer-level rise, clay expansion, decrease tidal salt, and flora/faunal changes lead toward erosion or slumping of anykind? I don't think freshwater lakes have any anamolous type of erosion going on that saline lakes or the oceans do not.
Google "surface tension of salt solutions"
Integral
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Sep22-12, 03:40 PM
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You may want to consider what happens at river mouths, where salt and fresh water mix. Do you see anything unusual or different? I have never noticed any obvious effects on the surface of the water in these changing salinity regions.

Chestermiller
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Sep22-12, 04:30 PM
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Ocean salinity and its affect on surface tension


On the scale of ocean and river flows, surface tension has a negligible effect. It is not included in fluid mechanics models of the ocean or rivers. In practice, surface tension effects apply only on much smaller scales. The effect of salinity on density, on the other hand, can affect the hydrostatics and the dynamics, and is usually taken into account.

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Sep24-12, 08:49 AM
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Quote Quote by Chestermiller View Post
On the scale of ocean and river flows, surface tension has a negligible effect. It is not included in fluid mechanics models of the ocean or rivers. In practice, surface tension effects apply only on much smaller scales. The effect of salinity on density, on the other hand, can affect the hydrostatics and the dynamics, and is usually taken into account.
Chet
Would you expect surface tension to impact evaporation rates? Intuitively it seems it should, but intuition is not science.
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Sep24-12, 09:03 AM
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Quote Quote by Ophiolite View Post
Would you expect surface tension to impact evaporation rates? Intuitively it seems it should, but intuition is not science.
Intuitively, I would think it's mainly an energy question imo, 2500 joule per gram, on which surface tension may not have much effect. But it's an excellent question to find out by experiment.
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Sep24-12, 11:24 AM
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Quote Quote by Ophiolite View Post
Would you expect surface tension to impact evaporation rates? Intuitively it seems it should, but intuition is not science.
No. Not on the scale of oceans or rivers. Only on the scale of very small droplets.
seanscon
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Sep30-12, 10:14 AM
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it could affect the evaporization of droplets produced by breaking spray and thereby affect the generation of marin aerosols.
Stommel
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Dec30-12, 09:33 PM
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I don't think surface tension has an important influence.

Actually, surface tension is not even included in studies on the ocean skin layer dynamics. The only part where I'd see this in on bubble jets and spray production, but only to parameterize fluxes, mostly momentum and heat fluxes.

Coastal aquifers (saline intrusion in them) would depend on regular aspects such as hydraulic conductivity, soil type and so on. Surface tension is a feature of the microscale, so I think it's negligible.


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