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How physicists were writting papers in the old times? 
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#1
Feb213, 11:51 AM

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Now it's very easy to write mathematical symbols and print them but how the physicists like Einstein, Schrodinger, Dirac, Haisenberg, Bohr and others at that time were writting papers. How people were writting any books that include mathematical symbols at all?
What kind of technology did they use? 


#2
Feb213, 12:27 PM

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P: 1,587

It is just as easy to print math symbols as it is to print letter symbols. You can do just fine with movable type, or other technologies.
My guess is that drafts were done on typewriter, with space left for equations and math symbols, which were then written in by hand. In even earlier days, drafts would be handwritten entirely. But the final print would be done professionally with printed text and symbols. Math fonts have certainly changed throughout the years. Dig up some old papers to see what used to be en vogue. 


#3
Feb213, 04:02 PM

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Note that this is not THAT long ago, it was before my time but not by much (ten years).
People were submitting manuscripts written using typewriter on special paper (with handwritten math symbols) until the late 80s (and in some cases even later). I have collegues who are now in their mid40s who remember doing this when they were PhD students. 


#4
Feb213, 08:57 PM

HW Helper
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How physicists were writting papers in the old times?
We have it too easy. These days there is a latex plugin for walking uphill in the snow: \snow{\uphill\bothways} 


#5
Feb413, 07:33 AM

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"Okay, grandpa, go play with your touchscreen phone..." 


#6
Feb413, 08:16 AM

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#8
Feb613, 01:02 AM

P: 570

The fancy stuff was printed via hand engraving of metal, I believe. Many portraits and so forth were also produced this way. 


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