# Gibbs free energy and melting

by AbsoluteZer0
Tags: energy, free, gibbs, melting
 P: 126 Hi, As I understand, during the process of phase change from a liquid to solid (or any phase change for that matter,) the temperature of the substance remains constant as the energy being applied to the substance is used in changing phase. How does this relate to Gibbs free energy? I read that $\Delta G$ during melting is zero. Enthalpy and entropy, however, increase. Does this have any relation to the uniformity of the temperature of the substance during the change of phase? I'm led to believe that $\Delta G > 0$ when phase change isn't taking place because of the changing temperature. (For example, when the temperature of water is raised from 30°C to 50°C.) How accurate is this assumption? Thanks,
P: 758
 Quote by AbsoluteZer0 Hi, As I understand, during the process of phase change from a liquid to solid (or any phase change for that matter,) the temperature of the substance remains constant as the energy being applied to the substance is used in changing phase. How does this relate to Gibbs free energy? I read that $\Delta G$ during melting is zero. Enthalpy and entropy, however, increase. Does this have any relation to the uniformity of the temperature of the substance during the change of phase? I'm led to believe that $\Delta G > 0$ when phase change isn't taking place because of the changing temperature. (For example, when the temperature of water is raised from 30°C to 50°C.) How accurate is this assumption? Thanks,
Gibbs free energy is not constant during phase change! Who told you this ?

Clearly ΔG=ΔH-TΔS

Entropy factor also changes though...
P: 3,628
 Quote by sankalpmittal Gibbs free energy is not constant during phase change! Who told you this ?
During a reversible phase change, e.g. slow melting of ice, G does not change.
##dG=VdP-SdT+\mu_l dN_l +\mu_s dN_S.##
P and T are constant and ##dN_l=-dN_s##. ##\mu_l=\mu_s## is the condition for equilibrium of the two phases, so dG=0.
ΔH is positive for melting (endothemal process), ΔS, too, as the entropy of the liquid is higher than that of the solid.

P: 5,539
Gibbs free energy and melting

 Quote by AbsoluteZer0 How does this relate to Gibbs free energy? I read that $\Delta G$ during melting is zero. Enthalpy and entropy, however, increase. Does this have any relation to the uniformity of the temperature of the substance during the change of phase?
The sign of ΔG tells you if the process is spontaneous (ΔG < 0) or not. As for phase transitions, there are at least 2 kinds: a 'first order phase transition' is accompanied by a discontinuous change in the derivative of the free energy and are associated with freezing/melting/etc. ΔG = 0 for a first order phase transition (ΔH = TΔS).

Second-order phase transitions are associated with discontinuous changes to the second derivative of the free energy. IIRC, ΔG = 0 for a second order phase transition as well.

http://www.helsinki.fi/~serimaa/soft...t-2-phase.html
P: 126
 Quote by Andy Resnick The sign of ΔG tells you if the process is spontaneous (ΔG < 0) or not. As for phase transitions, there are at least 2 kinds: a 'first order phase transition' is accompanied by a discontinuous change in the derivative of the free energy and are associated with freezing/melting/etc. ΔG = 0 for a first order phase transition (ΔH = TΔS). Second-order phase transitions are associated with discontinuous changes to the second derivative of the free energy. IIRC, ΔG = 0 for a second order phase transition as well. http://www.helsinki.fi/~serimaa/soft...t-2-phase.html
Thanks

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