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Electron energy levels

by Pengwuino
Tags: electron, energy, levels
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Pengwuino
#1
Apr15-06, 01:24 AM
PF Gold
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The question is:

We can approximate an electron moving in a nanowire as a one-dimensional infinte square-well potential. Let the wire be 2 um long. The nanowire is cooled to a temperature of 13K, and we assume the electron’s average kinetic energy is that of a gas molecule at this temperature ( = 3/2 kT). (a) What are the three lowest possible energy levels of the electrons? (b) What is the approximate quantum number of the electrons moving in the wire?
So I have the equation to find the energy in an infinite well…

[tex] \[
\begin{array}{l}
E_n = n^2 \frac{{\pi ^2 (\hbar c)^2 }}{{2mc^2 L^2 }} \\
L = 2*10^3 nm \\
m = 5.11*10^5 eV \\
\hbar c = 197.33eV*nm \\
\end{array}
\][/tex]

Using this, I find n=1 to equal 9.40*10^-8 eV

The book says im good there.

The problem is when I have to find the second energy level. I figured you use n=2 which means its just 2^2 or 4 times the energy but the book says its just 2 times the energy of the first energy level. What am I not understanding here?
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Morlock26
#2
Apr20-10, 08:17 PM
P: 1
I'm pretty sure the book made a mistake. For n=2, E2 = 4*E1 = 3.8 X 10^-7. I double checked with cramster, and that's how it was done there also.


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