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Heat Transfer

by moonlit
Tags: heat, transfer
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Feb21-04, 11:21 AM
P: 58
I have some homework problems that I've been stuck on. Not sure if someone can point me in the right direction...

1) The temperature in an electric oven is 173 C. The temperature at the outer surface in the kitchen is 39.8 C. The oven (surface area = 1.51 m^2) is insulated with material that has a thickness of 0.0258 m and a thermal conductivity of 0.03 J/(s m C). (a) How much energy is used to operate the oven for 1.28 hours? (b) At a price of $0.10 per kilowatt-hour for electrical energy, what is the cost (in dollars) of operating the oven?

I was going to use the equation Q/t=AK delta T/L for the first part but now that I think about it, I think that's the wrong equation to use...

2) The amount of heat per second conducted from the blood capillaries beneath the skin to the surface is 200 J/s. The energy is transferred a distance of 2.4 x 10^-3 m through a body whose surface area is 1.9 m^2. Assuming that the thermal conductivity is that of body fat, determine the temperature difference between the capillaries and the surface of the skin.

I tried using the equation Q=(KA delta T)t/L but once again I think this is wrong

3)A skier wears a jacket filled with goose down that is 15.5 mm thick. Another skier wears a wool sweater that is 7.13 mm thick. Both have the same surface area. Assuming the temperature difference between the inner and outer surfaces of each garment is the same, calculate the ratio of heat lost through wool to heat lost through goose down during the same time interval.

Not even sure what equation to use on this one

4) A car parked in the sun absorbs energy at a rate of 717 watts per square meter of surface area. The car reaches a temperature at which it radiates energy at this same rate. Treating the car as a perfect radiator (e = 1), find the temperature in Kelvin.

I tried to solve this problem using the equation Q/tA=e(5.67x10^-8)(T^4) but I can't get the right answer. Can someone please explain this one step by step. Thanks!
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