Critical Pressure and Temperature of a van der Waals Gas


by e(ho0n3
Tags: critical, pressure, temperature, waals
e(ho0n3
e(ho0n3 is offline
#1
Aug13-07, 11:36 AM
P: 1,370
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
From the van der Waals equation of state, show that the critical temperature and pressure are given by

[tex]T_{cr} = \frac{8a}{27bR}[/tex]

[tex]P_{cr} = \frac{a}{27b^2}[/tex]

Hint: Use the fact that the [itex]P[/itex] versus [itex]V[/itex] curve has an inflection point at the critical point so that the first and second derivatives are zero.

2. Relevant equations
[tex]P = \frac{RT}{V/n - b} - \frac{a}{(V/n)^2}[/tex]

3. The attempt at a solution
The first and second derivative have powers of [itex]V[/itex] greater than 2. Unfortunately I don't have the skills to solve for [itex]dp/dt = 0[/itex] or [itex]d^2p/dt^2 = 0[/itex]. Perhaps there's a simpler way?
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e(ho0n3
e(ho0n3 is offline
#2
Aug20-07, 08:49 AM
P: 1,370
Quote Quote by e(ho0n3 View Post
The first and second derivative have powers of [itex]V[/itex] greater than 2. Unfortunately I don't have the skills to solve for [itex]dp/dt = 0[/itex] or [itex]d^2p/dt^2 = 0[/itex]. Perhaps there's a simpler way?
Err, that should be [itex]dP/dV = 0[/itex] and [itex]d^2P/dV^2 = 0[/itex].
e(ho0n3
e(ho0n3 is offline
#3
Aug20-07, 01:34 PM
P: 1,370
Just for reference,

[tex]\frac{dP}{dV} = \frac{-RT}{n(V/n - b)^2}[/tex]

[tex]\frac{d^2P}{dV^2} = \frac{2RT}{n^2(V/n - b)^3}[/tex]

cks
cks is offline
#4
Mar18-09, 02:51 PM
P: 167

Critical Pressure and Temperature of a van der Waals Gas


http://www.chem.arizona.edu/~salzman...t/vdwcrit.html

A good web site with complete calculation


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