## Power series representation

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Use differentiation to find a power series representation for f(x) = 1/ (1+x)^2

2. Relevant equations
geometric series sum = 1/(1+x)

3. The attempt at a solution
(1) I see that the function they gave is the derivative of 1/(1+x).
(2) Therefore, (-1)*(d/dx)summation(x^n) = -1/(1+x)^2
(3) Differentiating the summation gives:
(-1)*[summation (n)x^(n-1)]

However, the book is telling me that for my second step (2) I should be getting
d/dx [summation (-1)^n (x^n)].

Why is it becoming an alternating series here?

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 Recognitions: Homework Help Remember: $$\frac{1}{1-x} = 1+x+x^2+....$$ so that, after substituting -x for x: $$\frac{1}{1+x} = 1 - x + x^2 + ...$$ You can remember the denominator in the first equation is 1-x by multiplying both sides by (1-x), giving: $$1 = (1-x)(1+x+x^2+...) = 1 + x + x^2 + ... - x - x^2 -x^3 - ... = 1$$ which is consistent, as opposed to what you'd get if you assume 1+x+... was 1/(1+x). (By the way, these manipulations of infinite sums aren't strictly valid, but they can be made more rigorous by restricting to finite sums and taking a limit at the end).