## Finding formula for normal vector of surface

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

S is surface of upper half of sphere (rad 3) at (0,0,0). Find the formula for n (in Cartesian, spherical, and cylindrical coord syst), then evaluate

$$\int\int\textbf{F}\cdot\textbf{n}dA$$

Where F(x,y,z) = k

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

in a previous problem, if I let z = f(x,y) be the surface and take

$$\psi(x,y,z) = f(x,y) - z$$

Since $$\nabla\psi$$ is orthogonal to the surface on which $$\psi$$ is constant, then I can use this to get the formula for the normal to the surface.

Problem is, I'm stuck trying to figure out what the formula for the surface is to start with.

A sphere with radius 3 is just x2+y2+z2 = 3

so

$$z = 3 - \sqrt{x^{2}+y^{2}}$$

where 0< x,y < 3

now

$$\textbf{n} = \frac{\nabla\psi}{\left\|\nabla\psi\right\|}$$

Am I on the right track? The unit normal vector field gets pretty ugly after this step :-/

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 Recognitions: Gold Member Science Advisor Staff Emeritus It can't be that bad, can it? BTW, using implicit differentiation then solving for the derivative is often much simpler that solving for the variable and differentiating that. By the way, surely you know enough about spheres to have an easy way of finding the unit normal?
 I must have done something wrong because I've gotten something pretty heinous. $$\nabla\psi = -x(x^{2} + y^{2})^{-1/2}\textbf{i} - y(x^{2} + y^{2})^{-1/2}\textbf{j} - \textbf{k}$$ $$\left\|\nabla\psi \right\| = (x^{2} + y^{2}) + 1$$

Recognitions:
Gold Member