# Are we push or attracted to a planet?

by fcycles
Tags: attracted, planet, push
 P: 5 Last year while thinking about it, I thought it will make more sense if we were pushed on our planet rather than being attracted to it. Mathematically, there is no change made to the current equation by reversing the force vector's direction! While I am read "Reinventing Gravity" from John W. Moffat. I learn that Mr. Georges-Louis Le Sage in 1758 was proposing particules could exert pressure on a body. However, they don't mention why the idea was later consider to be wrong by Maxwell and Poincaré? So, I am still not convince of the direction of the force? If we are push or attracted on Earth. If I consider gravity has a space deformation, maybe my question make no sense? Anyone could clarify it?
 Mentor P: 21,652 It is difficult, if not impossible, to make a "push" gravity model that is actually consistent with observation.
 Sci Advisor P: 2,406 It's all relative. In a coordinate system attached to Earth surface, there is a force of Gravity that pulls everything down. It is a fictitious force, however, resulting from non-inertial coordinate system choice. In any inertial system, yes, it is Earth's surface that's accelerating outwards, pushing you up, rather than anything pulling you down.
P: 7

## Are we push or attracted to a planet?

 Quote by K^2 It is a fictitious force, however, resulting from non-inertial coordinate system choice.
Is this true?

Imagine a planet that is neither rotating, nor is it's centre of mass accelerating. Then the frame "attached" to the planetary surface WILL be inertial, but the downward gravitational force surely still exists?
Mentor
P: 10,680
 Quote by fcycles I learn that Mr. Georges-Louis Le Sage in 1758 was proposing particules could exert pressure on a body. However, they don't mention why the idea was later consider to be wrong by Maxwell and Poincaré?
Le Sage's theory of gravitation (Wikipedia)
PF Patron
P: 10,053
 Quote by fcycles Last year while thinking about it, I thought it will make more sense if we were pushed on our planet rather than being attracted to it. Mathematically, there is no change made to the current equation by reversing the force vector's direction! While I am read "Reinventing Gravity" from John W. Moffat. I learn that Mr. Georges-Louis Le Sage in 1758 was proposing particules could exert pressure on a body. However, they don't mention why the idea was later consider to be wrong by Maxwell and Poincaré? So, I am still not convince of the direction of the force? If we are push or attracted on Earth. If I consider gravity has a space deformation, maybe my question make no sense? Anyone could clarify it?
Can there be any doubt about the direction of the force? It must be towards the Earth. You either have to account for this force by the presence of the Earth and its mass (a pull force) or by the 'absence' of the Earth in every other direction and, somehow, that 'absence' produces a push force.
I know which description I'd put my money on.

Furthermore, the closer you are to the Earth, the greater the force - despite that there is less 'no Earth' around you.
 P: 5 Beeing closer to an object and seeing a force increase does not proof that the source of that force came from the object. If you think that gravity has many sources caming from different directions. And that force react to matter in a way that it get reduce very slightly after traversing it. Then, considering a force on top of your head and one down below your feet (after passing throught the Earth), the result will be that you will be push down the Earth. And if you think that sources in the universe are places in a way that they are not symetrical. That was my first guess to invalidate my hypothesis, you might argue that we will see things moving into one direction? Well, no... because it is relative and we are inside that system. We see things moving according to our position in space. What maked me think this make more sense than having a force pulling you on Earth are: - Gravity is the weakest force by a large margin; - If we consider the source of gravity is the Earth and that gravitron is pulling object into the source... I cannot see how particules going into a direction will make an object move into the opposite direction (but rather the direction should follow); - When we observe galaxy rotating, their speed does not match our current model; - Base on the current physic models, there is an important missing mass in the universe; - Everybody seem to take for granted that we are pulled into Earth (I doubt of things which are taked for granted without any proof, hehe!). That was some clarification I wanted to add to my first post, just to explain better what I was thinking. But, in itself my thought does not convince me of anything... except that now I cannot say if we are pull or push on Earth. K^2 bring an interesting statement... but I think like lilphil1989 that you will still move into the direction of the massive body. Being pull or push...? ;) ps: I found the discussion really interesting... thank you all for your posts and I hope we can continue talking about it!
 PF Patron Sci Advisor P: 10,053 I have to admit that my position on this is rather 'entrenched' but I always try to avoid the question "what is it really?". Things behave as they behave and some models can be used to make reliable predictions while others will let you down. The 'attracted to' model seems by far the simpler model so that's what I will go with. What is 'really is' is, I think a meaningless concept.
Mentor
P: 14,641
 Quote by fcycles That was my first guess to invalidate my hypothesis
It's not your hypothesis. It's Nicolas Fatio's, and it's 380 years old. It's also, as the Wikipedia article points out, completely inconsistent with observation.
P: 2,406
 Quote by lilphil1989 Imagine a planet that is neither rotating, nor is it's centre of mass accelerating. Then the frame "attached" to the planetary surface WILL be inertial, but the downward gravitational force surely still exists?
No it's not. Surface of massive body is inherently non-inertial due to curvature in the space-time. That's where gravity comes from.

Gravity is always a fictitious force. If you have gravity, you have an accelerating frame of reference. And vice versa, if you found a locally inertial frame of reference, there is no gravity.

If you compute acceleration at Earth's surface, $a = \Nabla_u u$ for $u = (u_t, 0, 0, 0)$, you will get 9.8m/s² out away from center. Earth's surface is accelerating outwards.
PF Patron
P: 1,771
Quote by K^2
 Quote by lilphil1989 Imagine a planet that is neither rotating, nor is it's centre of mass accelerating. Then the frame "attached" to the planetary surface WILL be inertial, but the downward gravitational force surely still exists?
No it's not. Surface of massive body is inherently non-inertial due to curvature in the space-time. That's where gravity comes from.

Gravity is always a fictitious force. If you have gravity, you have an accelerating frame of reference. And vice versa, if you found a locally inertial frame of reference, there is no gravity.

If you compute acceleration at Earth's surface, $a = \nabla_u u$ for $u = (u_t, 0, 0, 0)$, you will get 9.8m/s² out away from center. Earth's surface is accelerating outwards.
Just in case lilphil1989 is confused, K^2 is talking about Einstein's General Theory of Relativity. According to Newton's Law of Gravity, lilphil1989 is correct, but Einstein's theory, which superseded it, takes a different view: the inertial objects are the ones that are falling freely under gravity.
P: 43
 Quote by Vanadium 50 It's not your hypothesis. It's Nicolas Fatio's, and it's 380 years old. It's also, as the Wikipedia article points out, completely inconsistent with observation.
Sorry to dig this one out of the depths, but how exactly is a push theory of gravity "completely inconsistent with observation"?

There are a lot of things out there that would be explained by a push theory of gravity.

Similarly, pull gravity: A completely undiscovered force field, magically generated by "mass" of an object, that pulls on an object at a distance through vacuum, without any known interaction between those two objects. It seems ridiculous to me to claim that gravity "must" be a pull interaction between two objects.
 Mentor P: 14,641 I think your first step should be to read the references in this thread.
P: 2,292
 Quote by Barwick Sorry to dig this one out of the depths, but how exactly is a push theory of gravity "completely inconsistent with observation"?
That's easy. Show me even ONE observation that indicates otherwise.
P: 43
I may be too dumb to understand because I read that jtbell linked, and couldn't find anything where it was "completely inconsistent with observation". That's very very possible, I'm not exactly a PhD when it comes to physics, and it's been so long that I probably couldn't do the simple math to derive functions for mechanical interaction of bodies without referencing Google.

On the other hand, there have been experiments where neutrons were isolated from all outside sources of energy, except for obviously gravity. They observed their behavior and the neutrons didn't accelerate at constant velocities, but rather in discrete jumps.

A pull type of gravity would result in a constant, uniform movement of mass in the direction of the other mass.

A push type of gravity (be it from a particle or photons) would have a probability of coming into contact with the mass being "affected" by gravity (the one being observed), and thus result in discrete changes in velocity, rather than constant changes.
 P: 2,292 There is no such thing as "push gravity" Doesn't exist. It would be an oxymoron on conceptual terms. Perhaps those whom wish to believe in it believe also in a 9/11 conspiracy. Who knows.
P: 43
 Quote by pallidin There is no such thing as "push gravity" Doesn't exist. It would be an oxymoron on conceptual terms. Perhaps those whom wish to believe in it believe also in a 9/11 conspiracy. Who knows.
Ok, not to turn this into an argument, but now we have a proof by hand waving, and name calling?
P: 2,292
 Quote by Barwick Ok, not to turn this into an argument, but now we have a proof by hand waving, and name calling?
Yeah, my bad. I'm usually more professional. Sorry.
Anyway, for any theory that counters accepted theory, one must provide "acceptable" evidence that the new theory is worthy of further thought.

What would be interesting is if you could use your undoubtedly creative mind to design an experiment that supports this theory. Not that you have to build it, as it might be prohibitively expensive for an individual, but properly propose it for others to MAYBE take it up.

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