demonstration analysis and good books?

by fgyamauti
Tags: analysis, books, demonstration
fgyamauti is offline
May2-11, 08:16 PM
P: 6
When I try to demonstrate that lim (x^2)=4

I found a different delta (delta=min{2-sqrt(epsilon-4),sqrt(epsilon+4)-2}, towards the one that is written in Demidovich´s book (delta=epsilon/5). Could someone help me?
Could someone tell me, too, a good algebra, calculus and real analysis book? Is it ok if i try analysis next semester absent a more advanced calculus (without calculus 2)? I need some books that explain polar coordinates too (good ones for beginner).
Thanks and sorry for my mathematical notation.
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HallsofIvy is offline
May3-11, 08:12 AM
Sci Advisor
PF Gold
P: 38,896
You want [itex]|x^2- 4|= |(x- 2)(x+ 2)|= |x+ 2||x- 2|< \epsilon[/itex].
So we can write [itex]|x- 2|< \epsilon/|x+ 2|[/itex]
But we need a value, [itex]\delta[/itex] that does NOT depend on x so that is [itex]|x- 2|< \delta[/itex] then [itex]|x- 2|< \epsilon/|x+ 2|[/itex]. That means we want [itex]\delta< \epsilon/|x+2|[/itex].

If |x- 2|< 1 (The "1" is chosen just because it is simple. Any positive number would do.) then -1< x- 2< 1 so 1< x< 3 and then 3< x+2< 5 so that 3< |x+ 2|< 5. Then
[tex]\frac{1}{5}< \frac{1}{|x+2|}< 1/3[/tex]
and so
[tex]\frac{\epsilon}{5}< \frac{\epsilon}{|x+2|}[/tex]

That is, if
[tex]|x- 2|< \frac{\epsilon}{5}[/tex]
and |x- 2|< 1 as assumed above to get this, we will have
[tex]|x-2|< \frac{\epsilon}{|x+2|}[/tex]
[tex]|x-2||x+2|= |x^2- 4|< \epsilon[/tex]
as need.

In other words, take [itex]\delta[/itex] to be the smaller of [itex]\epsilon/5[/itex] or 1.

Analysis is basically the theory behind the Calculus. I would NOT take an analysis course without having completed the Calculus sequence.

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