Register to reply 
Poynting Vector  Finding stored energy per unit length of a solenoid 
Share this thread: 
#1
Feb2812, 12:22 PM

P: 4

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
long solenoid of n turns per unit length is wound upon a cylindrical core of radius a and relative permeability. The current I through the solenoid is increasing with time t at a constant rate. Obtain expression for the rate of increase of stored energy per unit length in the core of the solenoid (a) from the inductance per unit length of the solenoid, and dI=dt. (b) from the energy associated with the ﬁelds internal to the solenoid core. (c) by integration of the Poynting vector over an appropriate surface. 2. Relevant equations None are given but I believe this is what should be considered: ∂/∂t ∫[ εE^{2}/2 + B^{2}/2μ ] dv = ∫ J_{f} dot E dv + ∫ E cross H da Ampere's Law E cross H = S 3. The attempt at a solution Using Ampere's Law: B=μnI L = flux/I L = μn^{2}lA Where l is some length and A is a surface Part A) ∅ = L dI/dt ∅ = μn^{2}lA dI/dt U = Q∅/2 U/dt = μn^{2}lA (dI/dt) (Q/dt) (1/2) U/dt = μn^{2}lA (dI/dt) I (1/2) This just does not seem right to me?? Part B) U = ∫B^{2}/2μ dv U = ∫(μnI)^{2}/2μ dv U = μn^{2}lAI (1/2) U/dt = μn^{2}lA (dI/dt) I (1/2) Part C) U = ∫ S dv where S = E cross H, assuming ∫ J_{f} dot E dv = 0 This is where I am confused. Is there an electric field in the solenoid? If so then did I not do the other parts correctly? What am I missing here... 


Register to reply 
Related Discussions  
Electrical energy stored in solenoid  Classical Physics  3  
Energy stored and # turns in an MRI machine (solenoid)  Introductory Physics Homework  6  
Energy Stored in Magnetic Field of Solenoid  Introductory Physics Homework  2  
Finding and using the Poynting vector  Introductory Physics Homework  0  
Relating time averaged energy density to the Poynting vector per unit solid angle  Advanced Physics Homework  3 