there must be a lot of ways already proposed to do this. can anyone list those considered most promising? has this been the subject of a thread already today I saw this paper which claims to suggest a way to observationally distinguish MOND from DM-----to tell which is right. I think the proposal depends on measurements within the solar system. Is this paper of interest? (I can't judge.) I think author is a grad student, maybe at Beijing Normal. It is being published. http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0511713 Roche Lobe Sizes in Deep-MOND Gravity HongSheng Zhao 4 pages, 2 figures, Astronomy and Astrophysics Letter, in press MOdified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) is evolving from an empirical to a decent theory respecting fundamental physics after Bekenstein (2004) showed that lensing and Hubble expansion can be modeled rigourously in a Modified Relativity. The degeneracy of MOND with Dark Matter can be broken if we examine the non-linear MONDian Poisson's equation in detail. Here we study the effect of tides for a binary stellar system or a baryonic satellite-host galaxy system. We show that the Roche lobe is more squashed than the Newtonian case due to the anisotropic dilation effect in deep-MOND. We prove analytically that the Roche lobe volume scales linearly with the ``true" baryonic mass ratio in both Newtonian and deep-MOND regimes, insensitive to the modification to the inertia mass. Hence accurate Roche radii of satellites can break the degeneracy of MOND and dark matter theory. Globular clusters and dwarf galaxies of comparable luminosities and distances show a factor of ten scatter in limiting radii; this is difficult to explain in any ``mass-tracing-light" universe. The results here are generalizable to the intermediate MOND regime for a wide class of gravity modification function $\mu(g)$ (Zhao and Tian, astro-ph/0511754).