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I've been trying to run a few simulations in Matlab using ODE45. This algorithm requires a function which gives the first order differential as an output i.e a state space format (Correct me if I'm wrong here).

If its a normal N order differential such as d2x/dt2 + dx/dt -1 =0 . dx/dt can be substituted as y and hence the differential equation becomes:

y(dot) = 1-y i.e. the required state space format.

Now comes the question , what do I do if the DE is something like

d2z/dt2 + d2x/dt2 +dx/dt -1=0 ? How Do I convert this to state space format ?

And more specifically , how do I code this as a function to use in ODE45 in Matlab ?

Thanks in advance!

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# Higher order DE to State space

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