Java/C++ vs Matlab in Image Processing?

In summary, the conversation discussed the use of MATLAB for image analysis and the question of whether to continue learning MATLAB or switch to Java. There were also suggestions for other programming languages such as Python and Processing, which offer powerful matrix and image processing capabilities. Ultimately, the decision should be based on the specific needs and requirements of the project at hand.
  • #1
calvinjhfeng
32
0
I just recently picked up MATLAB and still learning its syntax and built-in functions. I am working on a project that deals with image analysis, such as extract every pixels from an image and analyze them in forms of matrices.

I am more experienced in Java than C++ or Matlab. I also feel that full programming language gives me more freedom to program the way I want. However, I am not sure if that is efficient.

I am deciding either spend more time in learning Matlab or just start right away with Java?
Does C++ offer any advantage over Java? (in speed, in organization, and etc ?)
I am looking forward to build a robust program that can handle heavy duty tasks.

Thank you,
Calvin
 
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  • #2
Stick with what you know. If what you need to compute is in a time-critical system like realtime image processing, then you may want something else.

java runs under a virtual machine, that with jit compilation into bytecode, provides a lot of performance and has builtin optimizations like inlining.

However, java is not normally the codebase for realtime apps. But the trade off of being able to write good code from the getgo is worth an awful lot. Stick with java unless there is a compelling reason.

Also, this kind of post is going to elicit a lot of thinly guised 'use my favorite language!'
posts. Ignore them.
 
  • #3
I'm with jim on this one.

Just use the right tool for the right job and if you need to use something out of necessity (existing platform, legacy code, time issues, etc) then use it.
 
  • #4
The answer, as usual, is "It depends", in this case, upon what you actually want to do with the images.

Matlab (Matrix Laboratory) inherently does matrix maths and has a number of standard functions that handle image I/O. There are also specialist Matlab toolboxes that perform a wide range of image processing tasks.

Other applications to consider are Mathematica, which seems to have good matrix and image handling, and Mathcad (which I find easier to use than either Mathematica or Matlab).

The image processing routines for all these have undergone lengthy testing and benefitted from operational experience, and are often quite efficient in terms of performance because the underlying applications are inherently designed to work at matrix level.
 
  • #5
If you follow Jim's advice, you should ignore me, 'cause I am about to recommend a programming language you did not mention: Python.

Along the same lines and because of the same reasons NemoReally recommends Matlab, Mathematica or Mathcad...I recommend Python.

Python (and its popular numpy, scipy, matplotlib, http://www.pythonware.com/products/pil/ modules) can handle matrices very powerfully and it has various algorithms for image processing and tools for quickly visualizing them.

Python is useful all around for many things and it is starting to be picked up as the scripting language of OTHER applications: Salome, Blender, SPSS, etc.

Even a US agency provided $3M to fund further Python development, just a few days ago...that's how much Python is being used.

my 2 cents
 
  • #6
and then there's processing at processing.org where you can play with java and opengl and draw pretty interactive pictures on the screen like what you see in scifi movies.

so when you're tired of matlab, try processing to get a feel for what java can do.
 
  • #7
I just want to say thank you for all the thoughtful responses and help.
 
  • #8
jedishrfu said:
and then there's processing at processing.org where you can play with java and opengl and draw pretty interactive pictures on the screen like what you see in scifi movies.

so when you're tired of matlab, try processing to get a feel for what java can do.

It's indeed very cool.
Is it an IDE software and provide library for java?

EDITED: Nevermind I will look through the tutorial myself. Thank you so much.
 
Last edited:

Related to Java/C++ vs Matlab in Image Processing?

What is the difference between Java/C++ and Matlab in image processing?

Java and C++ are general purpose programming languages, while Matlab is specifically designed for numerical computing and data analysis. This means that Matlab has built-in functions and tools specifically for image processing, while in Java and C++ you would need to write your own code or use external libraries.

Which language is better for image processing, Java/C++ or Matlab?

It depends on the specific project and your level of expertise in each language. Matlab may be more convenient for beginners or for projects with simple image processing tasks, while Java and C++ may be better for more complex and specialized image processing needs.

Can I use Java/C++ and Matlab together for image processing?

Yes, it is possible to use both languages together for image processing. You can use Java or C++ for the main programming and use Matlab for specific image processing tasks by calling Matlab functions through an interface.

Are there any performance differences between Java/C++ and Matlab in image processing?

Matlab is known for its efficient and optimized algorithms for image processing, so it may have better performance than Java and C++ in certain tasks. However, with proper optimization and use of libraries, Java and C++ can also achieve good performance.

Is it necessary to have knowledge of Java/C++ and Matlab for image processing?

It is not necessary to have knowledge of both languages for image processing, but it can be beneficial to have a basic understanding of both. Knowing Java or C++ can help with understanding programming concepts and syntax, while Matlab can provide specific tools and functions for image processing.

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