# Laplace's equation in spherical co-ords

1. May 10, 2009

### benabean

I have a simple question about the general solution to Laplace's equation in spherical co-ords.
The general solution is:

$$u(r, \theta, \phi) = \sum^{\infty}_{l=0}\sum^{l}_{m=-l}\left(a_{lm}r^{l} + \frac{b_{lm}}{r^{l+1}}\right)P_{lm}(cos\theta)e^{im\phi}$$

(where the $$a_{lm}, b_{lm}$$ coefficients can be found using the boundary conditions in question.)

My problem lies in trying to understand the limits on the summation $$\sum^{l}_{m=-l}$$. Can anyone offer any help on this please?

$$2\ell + 1$$ (physicist tends to use j for spin/orbital angular momentum number).