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Mathemaica: Nonlinear Least Squares

  1. Jul 16, 2012 #1
    Hi

    I like to fit in Mathematica using NonlinearModelFit. When I look at the fitted parameters, there is an entry called "P-value". Here is what it means: "The p-value is the probability of observing a t-statistic at least as far from 0 as the one obtained.". I'm not quite sure what this means. Is it something like chi-square?

    Best,
    Niles.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 16, 2012 #2

    chiro

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    Science Advisor

    Hey Niles.

    Basically you have a distributed for your statistic which is usually related to an estimator.

    For example when you try to say estimate the population mean given a sample, the distribution of this population mean follows a distribution with the centre of the distribution being the mean of the sample, and typically the variance is based on how big your sample is.

    Just like we have Z-scores, we can also have similar things for the t-distribution.

    Now in line with the Z-scores, imagine for a second that you want to find the probability that a particular Z-statistic is from the origin. In terms of probability we write this as P(Z > -z and Z < z where z > 0) (if z is negative make it positive).

    This translates into finding P(-z < Z < z) for some value of |z| corresponding to your statistic (we take the absolute value).

    Now if |z| is at the centre this gives us a probability of 0, but if z is far away then this gives us a very big probability and signifies that there is a lot of error involved.

    I'd double check the reference to make sure its P(T < |t|) as opposed to P(T > |t|) though, but the idea is the same (except that the latter one corresponds to P(T < -t AND T > t) for a corresponding test-statistic for a 'normalized' test-statistic distribution (like the t-distribution).
     
  4. Jul 16, 2012 #3
    Last edited: Jul 16, 2012
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