Quark Energies

  • #1
70
1
I am using a program that requires the energy of the up quark and down quark be given in Joules. I tried to find these values on the internet but could not find these values. Can someone please tell me what is the energy of the Up and Down Quark in Joules?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
35,138
11,380
That's like asking for the speed of a car. What is the speed of a car?

It depends on where these quarks are, and (unlike for cars) often the energy is not even a well-defined number. Do you mean the mass (or the mass-energy equivalent) of the quarks? The Particle Data Group has numbers.
 
  • #4
70
1
okay here's what I have. Check my math. I simply averaged the min max values for mass in Electron volts for the Up Quark and the Down quark then I converted to Joules.

Up Quark = 2.01 Mev = Average value from standard Model
Up Quark = 3.36457079e-13 Joules Converted to Joules
.000000000000336457079 Joules = Input into Program


Down Quark = 4.79 Mev = Average value from standard Model
Down Quark = 7.67442575e-13 Joules Converted to Joules
.000000000000767442575 Joules = Input into Program
 
  • #5
35,138
11,380
These are estimates for the quark masses. There is no theoretical prediction for them and experimental measurements are very challenging as the quarks cannot occur as isolated particles.

The conversion from MeV to J is right. You can easily round the numbers to 2 significant digits, even the second digit is not very meaningful.
 
  • #6
70
1
Thanks for the confirmation of my calculations. I did not know that there was no theoretical prediction for them. That is interesting. So the estimation that we have are vague. How do we determine the masses of particles that we can isolate? I would be very interested to know that.
 
  • #7
35,138
11,380
It depends on the particle. If it lives long enough and has an electric charge, put it in a Penning trap. If it decays, measure the energies of the decay products. The only neutral long-living/stable objects known are atoms, and you can ionize them to put them to give them a charge.

If we can produce it in electron/positron collision, measure the energy where it gets produced.

Neutrino masses are much more complicated.
 
  • #8
70
1
This all seems so indirect. Thanks for the additional info. I will give this information some more thought.
 
  • #9
Drakkith
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
21,080
4,905
This all seems so indirect.
Indeed. Quarks can't occur as isolated particles, so we can't just put them on a scale or something. We have to resort to complicated, indirect methods to measure their masses.
 

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