Converting square root to perfect square
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
I have a problem in my book in which they use a method of making sqrt( 36 + x^2 ) a perfect square by simply making x = 3( t - 1/t ) and then we get 9( t + 1/t )^2 by substituting back into sqrt(36 + x^2). My question is that why did the chose 3( t - 1/t ), is there a rule?
thanks in advance.