# relation between commutator, unitary matrix, and hermitian exponential operator

by silverdiesel
Tags: commutator, exponential, hermitian, matrix, operator, relation, unitary
 P: 65 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Show that one can write U=exp(iC), where U is a unitary matrix, and C is a hermitian operator. If U=A+iB, show that A and B commute. Express these matrices in terms of C. Assum exp(M) = 1+M+M^2/2!.... 2. Relevant equations U=exp(iC) C=C* U*U=I U=A+iB exp(M) = sum over n: ((M)^n)/n! 3. The attempt at a solution I am really stumped. I tried (A+iB)(A*-iB*)=I, and I can get the commutator to come out of that, but I have these A*A and B*B terms which I am unsure how to use. I am also not using the exponential term in any way. I know it has something to do with the taylor expansion, just not sure how to get A+iB into that expansion.
 P: 9 Remember that A and B are real matrices. For the first question, try diagonalizing U first.

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