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Charge-to-mass ratio of electron/proton
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Feb23-10, 07:15 PM
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
The Helmholtz coil current = 2.45 A, the magnetic field = 1.91 x 10^(-3) T, the accelerating voltage = 295 V, and the beam radius = .03m.
a) Calculate the e/m ratio of an electron. Show that e/m = 2V / r²B²
b) During the initial use of this experiment, physicists also knew the charge-to-mass ratio of a hydrogen ion, approximately 9.58 x 10^7 Coulombs/kg. If you had little knowledge of atomic structure, what two interpretations could you place on the differences between the two ratios?
2. Relevant equations
PE = Ve
KE = 1/2mv²
Fmag = evB
Fcent = mv²/r
3. The attempt at a solution
a) Ve = 1/2mv²
v = √(2Ve / m) ; v² = 2Ve/m
Fmag = Fcent
evB = mv²/r
r = mv/Be
I can't seem to get past this part of the derivation. I've tried subbing in √(2Ve / m) into r = mv/Be but it turns out too messy.
b) I'm not too sure about the second part at all.. in what kind of context should I be thinking about the ratios?
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